FABR1_12 Botany I

Faculty of Pharmacy
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/2/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught in person.
PharmDr. Jakub Treml, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
RNDr. Veronika Vaverková, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
prof. PharmDr. Petr Babula, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. PharmDr. Petr Babula, Ph.D.
Department of Natural Drugs - Departments - Faculty of Pharmacy
Mon 9:15–10:55 Učebna botaniky, 221
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
FABR1_12/01: Thu 10:20–12:00 Učebna botaniky, 321
Basic knowledge of botany at the secondary level of education, knowledge of plant biology and physiology.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The subject Biology of plants provides education for the first class Master program of Pharmacy. The basic course covers the areas of plant anatomy, morphology, and physiology as well as systematics of lower and higher medicinal plants. The favor is mainly focused on selected genera with important secondary metabolites. An integral part of teaching is practice exercises of anatomy, systematics, and field excursions.
Learning outcomes
Knowledge of pharmaceutical botany within the range of syllabus.
  • Lectures
    1. Structure of the plant cell I. Specificity of plant cell structure and function. Cell wall - structure, chemical composition. Interaction of cell wall components. Role of the cell wall in interactions between the pathogen and the host. Storage function of the cell wall and specific features associated with it.
    2. Plant of the plant cell II. Plastids - leukoplasts, chromoplasts. Chloroplasts and their importance in plant biotechnology.
    3. Vacuoles. Cell inclusions and their forms - oxalates, silicates, sulphates, malates, and others. The importance of cell inclusions in the identification of plant species (plant drugs).
    4. Histology. Basic principles of plant body structure and overview of plant tissues (cell wall character, cell dividing activity, function). Meristematic plant tissues as a "source of cells" and their classification. Plant cell cell cycle specificity and cell differentiation. Apical meristems of stems (shoots) and roots. Control of the activity of (sub)apical meristems.
    5. Classification of plant tissues according to function I. System of basic tissues. Secretory tissues and structures. Dermal tissues. Special signs of dermal tissues in some groups of plants.
    6. Classification of plant tissues according to function II. Vascular and mechanical plant tissues and their evolution. Stelar system of plants. Differences in the anatomy of vascular tissues in individual groups of plants.
    7. Anatomical structure of the root. Primary and secondary growth state. Anomalous root secondary growth. Metamorphoses of the roots and their significance. Relationship between anatomical root structure and biotic and abiotic environmental factors.
    8. Anatomical stem structure. Primary and secondary growth state. Anomalous stem secondary growth. Stem metamorphoses and their significance. Relationship between anatomical structure of stems and biotic and abiotic environmental factors. The anatomical structure of leaves. Leaf morphology. Leaves of xerophyte plants. Leave metamorphoses.
    9. Generative plant organs - flowers, inflorescences, fruits and seeds and their pharmaceutical significance.
    10. Introduction to plant physiology. Overview of primary plant metabolism. Primary plant metabolites and their significance. Secondary metabolism of plants, an association of primary and secondary metabolism of plants. Secondary metabolites of plants and their physiological function.
    11. Photosynthesis, primary and secondary events. RUBISCO. C4 plants and CAM plants as a variant of C4 plants. Photosynthetic pigments. The importance of photosynthesis in new technologies, artificial photosynthesis.
    12. Stress Plant Physiology I - Stress and mechanisms of stress response of plants. Resistance, tolerance, sensitivity, acclimation, adaptation.
    13. Stress Plant Physiology II - Effects of Biotic and Biotic Stress Factors on Plants - Local and Systemic Reactions. Mechanical factors affecting plants. Plants as bioindicators.
    required literature
  • Procházka S. Botanika. Morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. MZLU, 2002. ISBN 80-7157-313-2. info
  • Kubát, K. et al. Klíč ke květeně České republiky. Academia Praha, 2002. info
  • Slavíková Z. Morfologie rostlin. UK, 2002. ISBN 80-246-0327-6. info
  • Procházka S. Fyziologie rostlin. Academia, 1998. ISBN 80-200-0586-2. info
  • Kousalová I., a kol. Praktikum z cytologie a anatomie rostlin. MU, 1998. ISBN 80-210-1982-4. info
    recommended literature
  • Hejný S., Slavík B. Květena České republiky. 1-6 díl. info
  • Naše liečivé rastliny. info
  • Raven P.H., Evert R. F. Biology of plants. 1994. info
  • Bobák M. Botanika. SPN, 1992. info
  • Strasburger E. Lehrbuch der Botanik. Stuttgart, 1991. info
  • Kresánek J. Atlas liečivých rastlín a lesných plodov. Bratislava, 1988. info
Teaching methods
Practical classes, lectures
Assessment methods
Written tests
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
Teacher's information
100% attendance of practical classes
60% success rate in the credit test
Running protocols from exercises
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/pharm/autumn2021/FABR1_12