TSYBULIN, Olexandr, Evgeniy SIDORIK, Sergiy KYRYLENKO, Diane HENSHEL and Igor YAKYMENKO. GSM 900 MHz microwave radiation affects embryo development of Japanese quails. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. NEW YORK: INFORMA HEALTHCARE, 2012, vol. 31, No 1, p. 75-86. ISSN 1536-8378. doi:10.3109/15368378.2011.624656.
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Basic information
Original name GSM 900 MHz microwave radiation affects embryo development of Japanese quails
Authors TSYBULIN, Olexandr (804 Ukraine, guarantor), Evgeniy SIDORIK (804 Ukraine), Sergiy KYRYLENKO (246 Finland, belonging to the institution), Diane HENSHEL (840 United States of America) and Igor YAKYMENKO (804 Ukraine).
Edition Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, NEW YORK, INFORMA HEALTHCARE, 2012, 1536-8378.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study Genetics and molecular biology
Country of publisher United States of America
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Impact factor Impact factor: 0.814
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14110/12:00062272
Organization unit Faculty of Medicine
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/15368378.2011.624656
UT WoS 000300343400007
Keywords in English Electromagnetic radiation; Radiofrequency; Cell phone; Non thermal effect; Embryogenesis; Somitogenesis; Peroxidation
Tags International impact
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Michal Petr, učo 65024. Changed: 11. 12. 2012 22:06.
Abstract
A wide range of non thermal biological effects of microwave radiation (MW) was revealed during the last decades. A number of reports showed evident hazardous effects of MW on embryo development in chicken. In this study, we aimed at elucidating the effects of MW emitted by a commercial model of GSM 900 MHz cell phone on embryo development in quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) during both short and prolonged exposure. For that, fresh fertilized eggs were irradiated during the first 38 h or 14 days of incubation by a cell phone in "connecting" mode activated continuously through a computer system. Maximum intensity of incident radiation on the egg's surface was 0.2 mu W/cm(2). The irradiation led to a significant (p < 0.001) increase in numbers of differentiated somites in 38-hour exposed embryos and to a significant (p < 0.05) increase in total survival of embryos from exposed eggs after 14 days exposure. We hypothesized that observed facilitating effect was due to enhancement of metabolism in exposed embryos provoked via peroxidation mechanisms. Indeed, a level of thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive substances was significantly (p < 0.05-0.001) higher in brains and livers of hatchlings from exposed embryos. Thus, observed effects of radiation from commercial GSM 900 MHz cell phone on developing quail embryos signify a possibility for non-thermal impact of MW on embryogenesis. We suggest that the facilitating effect of low doses of irradiation on embryo development can be explained by a hormesis effect induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Future studies need to be done to clarify this assumption.
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