CHALUPA, Aleš. Pythiai and Inspired Divination in the Delphic Oracle: Can Cognitive Sciences Provide Us with an Access to “Dead Minds”. Journal of Cognitive Historiography. London: Equinox Publishing, 2014, vol. 1, No 1, p. 24-51. ISSN 2051-9672. doi:10.1558/jch.v1i1.24.
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Basic information
Original name Pythiai and Inspired Divination in the Delphic Oracle: Can Cognitive Sciences Provide Us with an Access to “Dead Minds”
Authors CHALUPA, Aleš (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition Journal of Cognitive Historiography, London, Equinox Publishing, 2014, 2051-9672.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 60300 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Country of publisher United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14210/14:00074937
Organization unit Faculty of Arts
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/jch.v1i1.24
Keywords in English Cognition; Delphic oracle ; Pythia; spirit possession
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: doc. PhDr. David Zbíral, Ph.D., učo 52251. Changed: 11. 3. 2015 14:25.
Abstract
The aim of this article is to deepen our knowledge of mantic procedures used at Delphi, especially with respect to the mental state of the Pythia, which was induced in the course of oracular sessions. The first section provides a short reconstruction of the Delphic oracular session based on the information gleaned from historical and (to lesser extent) archaeological sources. The second section aims for clarification of some contentious points, which are still the subject of intensive scholarly debates and controversies. They concern particularly questions about the authorship of pronounced oracles and the method by which the Pythia brought about her reputed mantic abilities. The third section raises a question about how and to what degree our knowledge about the history of the Delphic oracle and the Pythias behaviour in the course of oracular consultations is deepened by looking at it from the perspective of cognitive psychology. A cognitive perspective can, perhaps, give us useful material for possible comparisons based on analogically similar cases of spirit possession currently studied anthropologically, psychologically, and neurologically.
Links
MUNI/A/0780/2013, interní kód MUName: Epistemologické problémy výzkumu v religionistice (Acronym: EPROVYR)
Investor: Masaryk University, Category A
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