SEDLÁČEK, Tibor. The Mythological Background of Three Seal Impressions Found in Urkesh. Religio : revue pro religionistiku. Brno: Česká společnost pro religionistiku, 2014, vol. 22, No 1, p. 29-53. ISSN 1210-3640.
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Basic information
Original name The Mythological Background of Three Seal Impressions Found in Urkesh
Name in Czech Mytologické pozadie troch pečatných odtlačkov nájdených v Urkeši
Authors SEDLÁČEK, Tibor (703 Slovakia, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition Religio : revue pro religionistiku, Brno, Česká společnost pro religionistiku, 2014, 1210-3640.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 60300 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Country of publisher Czech Republic
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW Digitální knihovna FF MU
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14210/14:00076657
Organization unit Faculty of Arts
Keywords (in Czech) Urkeš; Churriti; pečatné odtlačky; pečate; glyptika; mytológia; Etana; Isimud/Usmu; Kumarbi; akkadské vplyvy; Mezopotámia
Keywords in English Urkesh; Hurrians; seal impressions; seals; glyptic; mythology; Etana; Isimud/Usmu; Kumarbi; Akkadian influences; Mesopotamia
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Vendula Hromádková, učo 108933. Changed: 2. 3. 2015 17:48.
Abstract
This article interprets the iconographic motifs on three seal impressions discovered at the north Syrian Tell Mozan site, which are dated to the last third of third millennium B.C. In ancient times, the city was known as Urkesh and the population of Hurrians played an important role there. The motif on the first seal impression is that of a herd and a dog gazing at a bird. The seal impression is damaged, but it is likely that the bird bore a human figure, which allows us to associate this scene with the Legend of Etana. The motif on the second impression is a double-faced god, most likely Isimud/Usmu. These two motifs show numerous thematic and stylistic Akkadian elements, which demonstrate southern Mesopotamian influences on the culture of Urkesh. The third motif is an anthropomorphic figure in the mountains. Even here some comparisons can be considered but no close textual parallel has been found. All three impressions are analyzed and interpreted through a comparison with parallel themes in mythological texts and in Akkadian glyptic. A mythological background seems very likely in the case of the first and second motifs but cannot be ascertained regarding the third one. The provenance of the first two motifs is uncertain and there is no conclusive proof of Urkesh origin. The seals could come from the Akkadian cultural environment, but it is possible that their content was known in the Hurrian city because of the spread of scribal tradition. There are fewer common features between the third motif and Akkadian glyptic, which makes its origin in Urkesh more probable.
Links
MUNI/A/0780/2013, interní kód MUName: Epistemologické problémy výzkumu v religionistice (Acronym: EPROVYR)
Investor: Masaryk University, Category A
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