CHIANG, Po-Jen, Kurtis Jai-Chyi PEI, Michael VAUGHAN, Ching-Feng LI, Mei-Ting CHEN, Jian-Nan LIU, Chung-Yi LIN, Liang-Kong LIN and Yu-Chin LAI. Is the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa extinct in Taiwan, and could it be reintroduced? An assessment of prey and habitat. Oryx, the international journal of conservation. 2015, vol. 49, No 2, p. 261-269. ISSN 0030-6053. doi:10.1017/S003060531300063X.
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Basic information
Original name Is the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa extinct in Taiwan, and could it be reintroduced? An assessment of prey and habitat
Authors CHIANG, Po-Jen (158 Taiwan, guarantor), Kurtis Jai-Chyi PEI (158 Taiwan), Michael VAUGHAN (840 United States of America), Ching-Feng LI (158 Taiwan, belonging to the institution), Mei-Ting CHEN (158 Taiwan), Jian-Nan LIU (158 Taiwan), Chung-Yi LIN (158 Taiwan), Liang-Kong LIN (158 Taiwan) and Yu-Chin LAI (158 Taiwan).
Edition Oryx, the international journal of conservation, 2015, 0030-6053.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 10600 1.6 Biological sciences
Country of publisher United States of America
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Impact factor Impact factor: 2.052
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/15:00082564
Organization unit Faculty of Science
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003060531300063X
UT WoS 000352628600018
Keywords in English Camera-trapping; extinct; habitat assessment; Neofelis nebulosa; prey distribution; reintroduction; Taiwan
Tags AKR, rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Ing. Andrea Mikešková, učo 137293. Changed: 28. 4. 2016 14:03.
Abstract
During 1997–2012 we conducted a nationwide camera-trapping survey and assessed the availability of prey and habitat for the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Taiwan. We surveyed 1,249 camera-trap sites over 113,636 camera-trap days, from the seashore to an altitude of 3,796 m and covering various types of vegetation. No clouded leopards were photographed during 128,394 camera-trap days, including at 209 sites in other studies, confirming the presumed extinction of clouded leopards in Taiwan. Assessment of the prey base revealed altitudinal distribution patterns of prey species and prey biomass. Areas at lower altitudes and with less human encroachment and hunting supported a higher prey biomass and more of the typical prey species of clouded leopards. Habitat analysis revealed 8,523 km2 of suitable habitat but this was reduced to 6,734 km2 when adjacent areas of human encroachment were subtracted. In the absence of hunting and large mammalian carnivores the major prey of clouded leopards in Taiwan, such as Formosan macaques Macaca cyclopis, Reeves's muntjacs Muntiacus reevesi, Formosan serow Capricornis swinhoei and sambar Rusa unicolor, could become over-abundant. Thus, it is important to address the cascading effect of the disappearance of top-down predator control. Our assessment indicated that, with proper regulation of hunting, habitat restoration and corridor improvement, it may be possible to reintroduce the clouded leopard.
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