MÁCHA, Jakub. Reason, Motive and Cause from a Wittgensteinian Perspective. In Kanzian, Christian; Mitterer, Josef; Neges, Katharina. Realism – Relativism – Constructivism. Papers of the 38th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Kirchberg am Wechsel: Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, 2015. p. 183-185. ISSN 1022-3398.
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Original name Reason, Motive and Cause from a Wittgensteinian Perspective
Authors MÁCHA, Jakub (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition Kirchberg am Wechsel, Realism – Relativism – Constructivism. Papers of the 38th International Wittgenstein Symposium, p. 183-185, 3 pp. 2015.
Publisher Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Proceedings paper
Field of Study 60300 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Country of publisher Austria
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Publication form printed version "print"
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14210/15:00083643
Organization unit Faculty of Arts
ISSN 1022-3398
Keywords in English Ludwig Wittgenstein; intentionality; reason; cause; internal relations; external relations
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Ing. Mgr. Zdeňka Jastrzembská, Ph.D., učo 11408. Changed: 3. 3. 2016 11:33.
Abstract
We can say of an intentional action that it has a reason or a motive; and in the same vein, such an action must have a cause. It is thus only a matter of terminology whether all species of intentionality can be restated in this way—as a relation between an action and its motive. I argue that the distinction between a reason and a cause is a special case of the distinction between internal and external relations. This distinction allows us to analyze a metaphysical haze which is produced by confusing empirical (i.e. external) and grammatical (i.e. internal) propositions. When an agent aims to justify their action, they have several options at their disposal: (1) to give the actual cause which is always hypothetical (2) to report their actual reason, and (3) to give a possible reason which might have led to the action.
Links
MUNI/A/1153/2014, interní kód MUName: Soudobé problémy a minulé podoby filozofické diskuse
Investor: Masaryk University, Category A
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