Online Piracy and the Transformation of the Audiences’ Practices: The Case of the Czech Republic

MACEK, Jakub and Pavel ZAHRÁDKA. Online Piracy and the Transformation of the Audiences’ Practices: The Case of the Czech Republic. In Hick, Darren Hudson; Schmücker, Reinold. The Aesthetics and Ethics of Copying. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016. p. 335-358, 24 pp. ISBN 978-1-4742-5451-9.
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Basic information
Original name Online Piracy and the Transformation of the Audiences’ Practices: The Case of the Czech Republic
Authors MACEK, Jakub (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution) and Pavel ZAHRÁDKA (203 Czech Republic).
Edition London, The Aesthetics and Ethics of Copying, p. 335-358, 24 pp. 2016.
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Chapter(s) of a specialized book
Field of Study 5.8 Media and communications
Country of publisher United Kingdom
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Publication form printed version "print"
WWW Bloomsbery Publishing
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14230/16:00088103
Organization unit Faculty of Social Studies
ISBN 978-1-4742-5451-9
UT WoS 000389635000019
Keywords in English media audiences; post-tv practices; online content; online piracy; content curation; ethics
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Bc. Blanka Farkašová, učo 97333. Changed: 15/2/2019 11:02.
This empirical-research-based chapter focuses on the Czech post-TV audiences and their uses of alternative and non-authorized online sources of films and TV series. The chapter draws on descriptive data from a representative survey of the Czech population (2014) and on two distinct qualitative inquiries into the everyday practices of Czech audiences (2012-2015). In the text we reconstruct the general picture of the post-TV practices related to the consumption of "pirated" content and we map the audiences' motivations for such practices as well as the audiences' ethical reflexivity regarding the phenomenon. At the same time, we focus on the ways that members of the post-TV audiences choose particular technological interfaces and sources of content as well as the particular content they consume. In this regard, we identify three major distinct modes of content choice: expert curation, social curation and data-consultation curation. The survey data plausibly show that post-TV audiences significantly differ in these practices from the audiences relying on reception from TV broadcasting. Theoretically we address the topic drawing on Anthony Giddens' theory of structuration: we employ the structuration model of media, a theoretical model applying Giddens' notion of social agency on media-related practices and emphasising the position of media-related practices within the contexts of everyday life. In this regard, we avoid both media-centric and normative approach to the topic. Instead, we employ the context-oriented approach taking into the account the fact that the reception of content from illegal online sources is part of a broader set of practices and that it is subordinated to particular moral economies. Our conclusion is that the post-TV audience could hardly be seen as "pirates" or immoral pragmatists on the one hand, or, on the other, as highly reflexive and empowered actors intentionally challenging the media industries. Instead, our respondents could be seen as common viewers aiming to "reasonably" fulfil their textual needs - viewers that are mostly aware of their possible conflict with the Czech legal regulation but that are, regarding Czech specifics of online content distribution, conceiving their practices as ethically more or less non-problematic.
GP13-15684P, research and development projectName: Nová a stará média v každodenním životě: mediální publika v čase proměny mediálních praxí
Investor: Czech Science Foundation, Postdoctoral projects
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