VOBOŘIL, Dalibor, Martin JELÍNEK and Petr KVĚTON. Experimental Evaluation of Tachistoscopic Measurement: A Step Beyond Wundt's Criticism. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY. CHAMPAIGN: UNIV ILLINOIS PRESS, 2014, vol. 127, No 2, p. 245-252. ISSN 0002-9556. doi:10.5406/amerjpsyc.127.2.0245.
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Basic information
Original name Experimental Evaluation of Tachistoscopic Measurement: A Step Beyond Wundt's Criticism
Authors VOBOŘIL, Dalibor, Martin JELÍNEK and Petr KVĚTON.
Edition AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, CHAMPAIGN, UNIV ILLINOIS PRESS, 2014, 0002-9556.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Impact factor Impact factor: 0.619
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5406/amerjpsyc.127.2.0245
UT WoS 000336349600009
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Dana Nesnídalová, učo 831. Changed: 5/3/2020 09:30.
Abstract
This study was designed to assess the possible systematic bias in measurements obtained using tachistoscopic devices from different historical periods of psychological research. Four different tachistoscopic devices were used for brief presentations of stimuli in a letter recognition task. The research sample consisted of 24 participants (12 female, 12 male) in a within-subject experimental design with complete counterbalancing of 4 conditions defined by 4 instrument types: fall tachistoscope, tachistoscope with camera-like shutter, and computer-based tachistoscopes with cathode ray tube and liquid crystal diode display screens. The effects of experimental conditions were examined using a linear mixed model analysis. Our experiment demonstrated that even in standardized settings the type of tachistoscope used for stimulus presentation systematically influenced the participants' performance. We found that the lowest number of correctly recalled stimuli, as well as the highest number of erroneously recalled stimuli, was produced in the camera-like tachistoscope condition. Together, these findings suggest that when results from studies involving tachistoscopic experiments are reviewed, the unique characteristics of each particular instrument used must be considered carefully.
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