JONASSON, S, J ERIKSSON, L BERNTZON, Zdeněk SPÁČIL, LL ILAG, LO RONNEVI, U RASMUSSEN a B BERGMAN. Transfer of a cyanobacterial neurotoxin within a temperate aquatic ecosystem suggests pathways for human exposure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. WASHINGTON: National Academy of Sciences, 2010, roč. 107, č. 20, s. 9252-9257. ISSN 0027-8424. Dostupné z: https://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0914417107.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Transfer of a cyanobacterial neurotoxin within a temperate aquatic ecosystem suggests pathways for human exposure
Autoři JONASSON, S, J ERIKSSON, L BERNTZON, Zdeněk SPÁČIL, LL ILAG, LO RONNEVI, U RASMUSSEN a B BERGMAN.
Vydání Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, WASHINGTON, National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 0027-8424.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Impakt faktor Impact factor: 9.771
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0914417107
UT WoS 000277822600043
Klíčová slova anglicky beta-methylamino-L-alanine; Baltic Sea; cyanobacteria; liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry; bioaccumulation
Změnil Změnil: PharmDr. Zdeněk Spáčil, Ph.D., učo 238088. Změněno: 29. 9. 2017 13:53.
Anotace
beta-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), a neurotoxic nonprotein amino acid produced by most cyanobacteria, has been proposed to be the causative agent of devastating neurodegenerative diseases on the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean. Because cyanobacteria are widespread globally, we hypothesized that BMAA might occur and bioaccumulate in other ecosystems. Here we demonstrate, based on a recently developed extraction and HPLC-MS/MS method and long-term monitoring of BMAA in cyanobacterial populations of a temperate aquatic ecosystem (Baltic Sea, 2007-2008), that BMAA is biosynthesized by cyanobacterial genera dominating the massive surface blooms of this water body. BMAA also was found at higher concentrations in organisms of higher trophic levels that directly or indirectly feed on cyanobacteria, such as zooplankton and various vertebrates (fish) and invertebrates (mussels, oysters). Pelagic and benthic fish species used for human consumption were included. The highest BMAA levels were detected in the muscle and brain of bottom-dwelling fishes. The discovery of regular biosynthesis of the neurotoxin BMAA in a large temperate aquatic ecosystem combined with its possible transfer and bioaccumulation within major food webs, some ending in human consumption, is alarming and requires attention.
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