TÓTH, Michal and Roman CHYTILEK. Fast, frugal and correct? An experimental study on the influence of time scarcity and quantity of information on the voter decision making process. Public Choice. Springer, 2018, vol. 177, 1-2, p. 67-86. ISSN 0048-5829. doi:10.1007/s11127-018-0587-4.
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Basic information
Original name Fast, frugal and correct? An experimental study on the influence of time scarcity and quantity of information on the voter decision making process
Authors TÓTH, Michal (703 Slovakia, guarantor, belonging to the institution) and Roman CHYTILEK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution).
Edition Public Choice, Springer, 2018, 0048-5829.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 50601 Political science
Country of publisher Netherlands
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW článek
Impact factor Impact factor: 0.970
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14230/18:00103241
Organization unit Faculty of Social Studies
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11127-018-0587-4
UT WoS 000443437100004
Keywords in English Decision making; Political information; Correct vote; Heuristics; Issue voting
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: doc. PhDr. Roman Chytilek, Ph.D., učo 9734. Changed: 20. 6. 2019 13:28.
Classical theories of political representation claim that high levels of political knowledge and awareness across the electorate are crucial for a well-functioning democracy. In real life, though, the actual amount of political information possessed by voters is small and unevenly distributed. In addition, electoral decision making is complex and often characterized by severe time pressure. This study therefore experimentally tests the theoretical framework of “fast and frugal” voters and the “less-is-more effect” (Gigerenzer and Goldstein in Psychol Rev 103(4):650–669, 1996), which expects that in some instances low levels of political knowledge may actually result in equally good or even better outcomes than in the case of well-informed decisions. It is hence assumed that employing specific cognitive shortcuts can help voters make good and quick decisions, even with a lack of information. We have used a laboratory experiment to create an environment characterized by severe time pressure that allowed for only shallow information search and limited comparisons across alternatives. Subjects were able to base their decisions only on a small number of criteria operationalized by candidates’ positions on current political issues with various levels of perceived salience. Voters appear to simplify decision making by focusing mainly on those policy attitudes they consider important. Consequently, it seems that shifting the decision-making strategy from accuracy to efficiency has no effect on the final outcome.
MUNI/A/0850/2017, interní kód MUName: Aktuální problémy politologického výzkumu IV.
Investor: Masaryk University, Category A
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