MÁCHA, Jakub. Paradigms and self-reference: what is the point of asserting paradoxical sentences? In Shyam Wuppuluri and Newton da Costa. Wittgensteinian (adj.): Looking at the World from the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2020. p. 123-134, 12 pp. The Frontiers Collection. ISBN 978-3-030-27568-6. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-27569-3_9.
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Original name Paradigms and self-reference: what is the point of asserting paradoxical sentences?
Authors MÁCHA, Jakub (203 Czechia, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition Cham, Switzerland, Wittgensteinian (adj.): Looking at the World from the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein's Philosophy, p. 123-134, 12 pp. The Frontiers Collection, 2020.
Publisher Springer
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Chapter(s) of a specialized book
Field of Study 60300 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Country of publisher Switzerland
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Publication form printed version "print"
WWW google books URL
Organization unit Faculty of Arts
ISBN 978-3-030-27568-6
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27569-3_9
Keywords in English paradox; self-reference; paradigm; yardstick; rule; Ludwig Wittgenstein; Gottlob Frege
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: doc. Dr. phil. Jakub Mácha, Ph.D., učo 3662. Changed: 7. 12. 2019 15:59.
Abstract
A paradox, according to Wittgenstein, is something surprising that is taken out of its context. Thus, one way of dealing with paradoxical sentences is to imagine the missing context of use. Wittgenstein formulates what I call the paradigm paradox: ‘one sentence can never describe the paradigm in another, unless it ceases to be a paradigm.’ (PG, p.346) There are several instances of this paradox scattered throughout Wittgenstein’s writings. I argue that this paradox is structurally equivalent to Russell’s paradox. The above quotation is Wittgenstein’s version of the vicious circle principle which counteracts the paradox. The prohibition Wittgenstein describes is, however, limited to a certain language-game. Finally, I argue that there is a structural analogy between a noun being employed as a self-membered set and a paradigmatic sample being included in or excluded from the set it generates. Paradoxical sentences are not prohibited forever; they can indicate a change in our praxis with a given paradigm.
Links
GA19-16680S, research and development projectName: Paradigmatické myšlení: singularita, universalita, sebe-reference (Acronym: Paradigmatic thinking)
Investor: Czech Science Foundation, Standard Projects
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