SOKOL, Pavol, Laura RÓZENFELDOVÁ, Katarína LUČIVJANSKÁ and Jakub HARAŠTA. IP addresses in the context of digital evidence in the criminal and civil case law of the Slovak Republic. Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation. Elsevier, 2020, vol. 32, S (Supplement), p. 1-8. ISSN 2666-2817. doi:10.1016/j.fsidi.2020.300918.
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Basic information
Original name IP addresses in the context of digital evidence in the criminal and civil case law of the Slovak Republic
Authors SOKOL, Pavol (703 Slovakia, guarantor), Laura RÓZENFELDOVÁ (703 Slovakia), Katarína LUČIVJANSKÁ and Jakub HARAŠTA (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution).
Edition Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation, Elsevier, 2020, 2666-2817.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 50501 Law
Country of publisher Netherlands
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW Open access časopisu
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14220/20:00115402
Organization unit Faculty of Law
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsidi.2020.300918
UT WoS 000538088500009
Keywords in English IP address; Digital evidence; Criminal and civil proceedings; Privacy; Personal data; Anonymisation
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: JUDr. Mgr. Jakub Harašta, Ph.D., učo 323070. Changed: 7. 6. 2021 10:53.
Abstract
Use of IP addresses by courts in their decisions is one of the issues with growing importance. This applies especially at the time of the increased use of the internet as a mean to violate legal provisions of both civil and criminal law. This paper focuses predominantly on two issues: (1) the use of IP addresses as digital evidence in criminal and civil proceedings and possible mistakes in courts' approach to this specific evidence, and (2) the anonymisation of IP addresses in cases when IP addresses are to be considered as personal data. This paper analyses the relevant judicial decisions of the Slovak Republic spanning the time period from 2008 to 2019, in which the relevant courts used the IP address as evidence. On this basis, the authors formulate their conclusions on the current state and developing trends in the use of digital evidence in judicial proceedings. The authors demonstrate the common errors that occur in the courts’ decisions as regards the use of IP addresses as evidence in the cases of the IP addresses anonymisation, usage of the in dubio pro reo principle in criminal proceedings, and the relationship between IP addresses and devices and persons.
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EF16_019/0000822, research and development projectName: Centrum excelence pro kyberkriminalitu, kyberbezpečnost a ochranu kritických informačních infrastruktur
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