KUDLÁČKOVÁ, Ivana, Jakub HARAŠTA a David WALLACE. Cyber Weapons Review in Situations Below the Threshold of Armed Conflict. In T. Jančárková, L. Lindström, M. Signoretti, I. Tolga, G. Visky. 2020 12th International Conference on Cyber Conflict 20/20 Vision: The Next Decade. Tallinn: NATO CCDCOE Publications, 2020. s. 97-112, 380 s. ISBN 978-9949-9904-7-4.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Cyber Weapons Review in Situations Below the Threshold of Armed Conflict
Autoři KUDLÁČKOVÁ, Ivana (203 Česká republika, garant), Jakub HARAŠTA (203 Česká republika, domácí) a David WALLACE (840 Spojené státy).
Vydání Tallinn, 2020 12th International Conference on Cyber Conflict 20/20 Vision: The Next Decade, od s. 97-112, 380 s. 2020.
Nakladatel NATO CCDCOE Publications
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Stať ve sborníku
Obor 50501 Law
Stát vydavatele Estonsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Forma vydání elektronická verze "online"
WWW Text sborníku Text příspěvku
Organizační jednotka Právnická fakulta
ISBN 978-9949-9904-7-4
Klíčová slova anglicky cyber weapons; software; legal review; art. 36 of Additional Protocol I; human rights
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnil: JUDr. Mgr. Jakub Harašta, Ph.D., učo 323070. Změněno: 19. 10. 2020 09:41.
Anotace
The use of cyber weapons raises many issues, one of which is the scope of legal requirements affecting the legal review of cyber weapons under Additional Protocol I and customary international law. This paper explores the review of cyber weapons intended for use below the threshold of armed conflict. As the line between war and peace is often increasingly blurred and the majority of cyber incidents are below the threshold of armed conflict, the laws and principles of international humanitarian law do not apply. In this paper, we engage in a scenariobased thought experiment exploring the legal framework affecting the use of cyber weapons outside armed conflict. In such situations, the well-known article 36 of Additional Protocol I and customary international law are not triggered. As a result, there is no explicit legal obligation to conduct a cyber weapons review in situations when cyber weapons are deployed in situations falling below the threshold of armed conflict. Our starting point is that even though international humanitarian law is not applicable, the use of cyber weapons is not completely unregulated. In the paper, we search for answer to following research question: what are the legal requirements for weapons review in situations where their intended use is for situations below the threshold of armed conflict? We identify the black-letter legal framework and explore the state practice of NATO member states where available. The paper argues that there are many obligations to be considered when deploying cyber weapons in situations below the threshold of armed conflict. The conclusion is that there is no obligation to conduct a review outside Article 36 of Additional Protocol I. That being said, there are definitely policy benefits in conducting broader software assessment to ensure respect to international law obligations of a state.
Návaznosti
EF16_019/0000822, projekt VaVNázev: Centrum excelence pro kyberkriminalitu, kyberbezpečnost a ochranu kritických informačních infrastruktur
Typ Název Vložil/a Vloženo Práva
CyCon_2020_6_Kudlackova_Wallace_Harasta.pdf   Verze souboru Harašta, J. 19. 10. 2020

Práva

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Právo spravovat
  • osoba JUDr. Mgr. Jakub Harašta, Ph.D., učo 323070
  • osoba Mgr. Bc. Ivana Kudláčková, učo 420533
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Požádat autora o autorský výtisk Zobrazeno: 25. 11. 2020 01:27