TREML, Jakub a Karel ŠMEJKAL. Flavonoids as Potent Scavengers of Hydroxyl Radicals. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEWS IN FOOD SCIENCE AND FOOD SAFETY. HOBOKEN: WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2016, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 720-738. ISSN 1541-4337. doi:10.1111/1541-4337.12204.
Další formáty:   BibTeX LaTeX RIS
Základní údaje
Originální název Flavonoids as Potent Scavengers of Hydroxyl Radicals
Autoři TREML, Jakub a Karel ŠMEJKAL.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Stát vydavatele Spojené státy
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Impakt faktor Impact factor: 5.974
Organizační jednotka Farmaceutická fakulta
UT WoS 000379040900004
Klíčová slova anglicky Fenton reaction; flavonoids; hydroxyl radical; scavenging; structure-activity relationship
Změnil Změnil: Mgr. Michal Petr, učo 65024. Změněno: 25. 1. 2021 17:29.
Oxidative stress is a fundamental principle in the pathophysiology of many diseases. It occurs when the production of reactive oxygen species exceeds the capacity of the cell defense system. The hydroxyl radical is a reactive oxygen species that is commonly formed in vivo and can cause serious damage to biomolecules, such as lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. It plays a role in inflammation-related diseases, like chronic inflammation, neurodegeneration, and cancer. To overcome excessive oxidative stress and thus to prevent or stop the progression of diseases connected to it, scientists try to combat oxidative stress and to find antioxidant molecules, including those that scavenge hydroxyl radical or diminish its production in inflamed tissues. This article reviews various methods of hydroxyl radical production and scavenging. Further, flavonoids, as natural plant antioxidants and essential component of the human diet, are reviewed as compounds interacting with the production of hydroxyl radicals. The relationship between hydroxyl radical scavenging and the structure of the flavonoids is discussed. The structural elements of the flavonoid molecule most important for hydroxyl radical scavenging are hydroxylation of ring B and a C2-C3 double bond connected with a C-3 hydroxyl group and a C-4 carbonyl group. Hydroxylation of ring A also enhances the activity, as does the presence of gallate and galactouronate moieties as substituents on the flavonoid skeleton.
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 18. 5. 2021 04:19