BALÁŽOVÁ, Alena, Eva NOSKOVÁ, Pavel ŠIROKÝ, Christopher DURRANT and Vojtech BALÁŽ. Diversity and dynamics of zoonotic pathogens within a local community of small mammals. Biologia. Slovenská akademie vied, 2021, vol. 76, No 11, p. 3267-3273. ISSN 0006-3088. doi:10.1007/s11756-021-00797-8.
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Basic information
Original name Diversity and dynamics of zoonotic pathogens within a local community of small mammals
Authors BALÁŽOVÁ, Alena, Eva NOSKOVÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Pavel ŠIROKÝ, Christopher DURRANT and Vojtech BALÁŽ (guarantor).
Edition Biologia, Slovenská akademie vied, 2021, 0006-3088.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 10602 Biology , Evolutionary biology
Country of publisher United States of America
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Impact factor Impact factor: 1.350 in 2020
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/21:00121823
Organization unit Faculty of Science
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11756-021-00797-8
UT WoS 000657193100001
Keywords in English Borrelia; Leptospira; Rickettsia; Mouse; Vole; Shrew
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Marie Šípková, DiS., učo 437722. Changed: 14. 1. 2022 15:43.
Abstract
Small mammals are important reservoirs of multiple pathogens transmittable to humans. Rodent populations are highly dynamic, passing through multiannual cycles with densities changing in several orders of magnitude. Such variable pools of hosts shape the intensity of pathogen spread among the animals and risks of spillover to humans. We describe such dynamic system within a sample set of 13 small mammal species and six potentially zoonotic pathogens (bacteria Anaplasma, Rickettsia, Leptospira, Borrelia, Bartonella, and protist Babesia) present in surroundings of a small village in south-eastern part of the Czech Republic. This article presents results of a six-year-long study at the site. The observed prevalence of the selected pathogens varied greatly among years and host species. The dominant rodents (Apodemus sp., Apodemus agrarius and Myodes glareolus) harboured all tested pathogens and multi-infections were not rare – we found up to four pathogens in some individuals. We observed surge in Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. prevalence following the overall rodent population increase in 2014 and 2019, with A. agrarius and Microtus arvalis being the most infected species. Rickettsia sp. prevalence reached 24 % in the shrew Crocidura suaveolens, thus this potential neglected reservoir host deserves further attention.
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