KASOVIĆ, Mario, Lovro ŠTEFAN and Vilko PETRIC. Secular trends in health-related physical fitness among 11-14-year-old Croatian children and adolescents from 1999 to 2014. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. Německo: Nature Research, 2021, vol. 11, No 1, p. 1-7. ISSN 2045-2322. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-90745-y.
Other formats:   BibTeX LaTeX RIS
Basic information
Original name Secular trends in health-related physical fitness among 11-14-year-old Croatian children and adolescents from 1999 to 2014
Name in Czech Secular trends in health-related physical fitness among 11-14-year-old Croatian children and adolescents from 1999 to 2014
Authors KASOVIĆ, Mario (191 Croatia, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Lovro ŠTEFAN (191 Croatia, belonging to the institution) and Vilko PETRIC (191 Croatia).
Edition SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Německo, Nature Research, 2021, 2045-2322.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 30306 Sport and fitness sciences
Country of publisher Germany
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Impact factor Impact factor: 4.379 in 2020
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14510/21:00121958
Organization unit Faculty of Sports Studies
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-90745-y
UT WoS 000659148400031
Keywords (in Czech) body-mass index; cardiorespiratory fitness; English children; mortality; youth; men; performance; cohorts; risk
Keywords in English body-mass index; cardiorespiratory fitness; English children; mortality; youth; men; performance; cohorts; risk
Tags rivok
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Pavlína Roučová, DiS., učo 169540. Changed: 4. 5. 2022 09:36.
Abstract
The main purpose of the study was to analyze secular trends of health-related physical fitness in 7-14-year-old Croatian children and adolescents from 1999 and 2014. In this observational cross-sectional study, we recruited 5077 children and adolescents between ages 11 and 14 (50.8% girls) from five primary schools located in the capital city of Zagreb. Physical fitness performance was tested from 1999 until 2014. Physical fitness performance included: (1) body-mass index (measure of body size), (2) standing broad jump (measure of lower-body power), (3) polygon backwards (measure of general coordination and agility), (4) sit-ups in 60 s (measure of upper-body strength), (5) sit-and-reach test (measure of flexibility) and (6) 6-min run test (measure of cardiorespiratory fitness). Boys performed better in all physical fitness tests, except for sit-and-reach test (p<0.001). In boys, between 1999 and 2014, body size, upper-body strength and coordination/agility increased, while flexibility, lower-body power and cardiorespiratory fitness decreased. During the same period, girls experienced an increase in body size, lower-body power, upper-body strength, coordination/agility and flexibility, while cardiorespiratory fitness decreased. This study shows that cardiorespiratory fitness, flexibility and coordination/agility decrease, while upper-body strength increases in both sexes. These findings should serve as an avenue for national monitoring system to screen and track biological development in children and adolescents.
PrintDisplayed: 26. 6. 2022 10:29