BEDROŠOVÁ, Marie, Hana MACHÁČKOVÁ, Jan ŠEREK, David ŠMAHEL and Catherine BLAYA. The relation between the cyberhate and cyberbullying experiences of adolescents in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia. Computers in Human Behavior. Oxford: Elsevier, 2022, vol. 126, January, p. 1-13. ISSN 0747-5632. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2021.107013.
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Basic information
Original name The relation between the cyberhate and cyberbullying experiences of adolescents in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia
Authors BEDROŠOVÁ, Marie (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Hana MACHÁČKOVÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Jan ŠEREK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), David ŠMAHEL (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution) and Catherine BLAYA (250 France).
Edition Computers in Human Behavior, Oxford, Elsevier, 2022, 0747-5632.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 50802 Media and socio-cultural communication
Country of publisher United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Impact factor Impact factor: 6.829 in 2020
Organization unit Faculty of Social Studies
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.107013
UT WoS 000704366200020
Keywords in English Cyberhate; Cyberbullying; Cyberaggression; Bifactor model; Adolescents
Changed by Changed by: Bc. Blanka Farkašová, učo 97333. Changed: 14/12/2021 13:16.
Abstract
This study investigates the structural relationship between two types of cyberaggression: cyberhate and cyberbullying. Cyberhate is online hate speech that attacks collective identities. Cyberbullying is defined by the intent to harm, its repeated nature, and a power imbalance. Considering these features and the shared commonalities, we used survey data from adolescents from the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia (N = 3,855, aged 11–17) to examine the relationship between them. We tested a bifactor model with the general common risk factor and two distinct factors of cyberhate and cyberbullying. We also tested alternative one-factor and two-factor models. The bifactor structure showed the best fit and allowed for the further examination of the unique and common features of cyberhate and cyberbullying by testing their associations with selected risk and protective factors. The results showed that the general risk factor was associated with higher age, emotional problems, and time spent online. Individual-based discrimination was associated with cyberbullying and the general risk factor. Group-based discrimination was associated with cyberhate and cyberbullying. Exposure to harmful online content was associated with all factors. Considering that prior research did not sufficiently differentiate between these two phenomena, our study provides an empirically-based delimitation to help to identify their shared basis and differences.
Links
GX19-27828X, research and development projectName: Pohled do budoucnosti: Porozumění vlivu technologií na “well-being” adolescentů (Acronym: FUTURE)
Investor: Czech Science Foundation, EXPRO
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