BÁTRLA, Michael a Jakub HARAŠTA. 'Releasing the Hounds?' Disruption of the Ransomware Ecosystem Through Offensive Cyber Operations. In T. Jančárková, G. Visky, I. Winther. 2022 14th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Keep Moving. Tallinn: NATO CCDCOE Publications, 2022. s. 93-115. ISBN 978-9916-9789-0-0.
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Základní údaje
Originální název 'Releasing the Hounds?' Disruption of the Ransomware Ecosystem Through Offensive Cyber Operations
Autoři BÁTRLA, Michael (203 Česká republika, domácí) a Jakub HARAŠTA (203 Česká republika, garant, domácí).
Vydání Tallinn, 2022 14th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Keep Moving, od s. 93-115, 23 s. 2022.
Nakladatel NATO CCDCOE Publications
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Stať ve sborníku
Obor 50501 Law
Stát vydavatele Estonsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Forma vydání tištěná verze "print"
WWW Sborník (Open Access)
Organizační jednotka Právnická fakulta
ISBN 978-9916-9789-0-0
Klíčová slova anglicky ransomware-as-a-service; cybercrime; offensive cyber operations; cyber incident; cryptucurrency
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnil: JUDr. Mgr. Jakub Harašta, Ph.D., učo 323070. Změněno: 29. 7. 2022 18:54.
Anotace
Ransomware groups represent a significant cyber threat to Western states. Most high-end ransomware actors reside in territorial safe-haven jurisdictions and prove to be resistant to traditional law enforcement activities. This has prompted public sector and cybersecurity industry leaders to perceive ransomware as a national security threat requiring a whole-of-government approach, including cyber operations. In this paper, we investigate whether cyber operations or the threat of cyber operations influence the ransomware ecosystem. Subsequently, we assess the vectors of influence and characteristics of past operations that have disrupted the ecosystem. We describe the specifics of the ransomware-as-a-service system and provide three case studies (DarkSide/BlackMatter, REvil, Conti) highly representative of the current ecosystem and the effect cyber operations have on it. Additionally, we present initial observations about the influence of cyber operations on the system, including best practices from cyber operations against non-state groups. We conclude that even professional, highly skilled, and top-performing ransomware groups can be disrupted through cyber operations. In fact, cyber operations can even bypass some limits imposed on law enforcement operations. Even when ransomware groups rebrand or resurface after a hiatus, we suggest their infrastructure (both technical, human, and reputational) will still suffer mid- to long-term disruption. Although cyber operations are unlikely to be a silver bullet, they are an essential tool in the whole-of-government and multinational efforts and may even grow in importance in the next several years.
Návaznosti
EF16_019/0000822, projekt VaVNázev: Centrum excelence pro kyberkriminalitu, kyberbezpečnost a ochranu kritických informačních infrastruktur
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 9. 12. 2022 07:15