TOMEŠ, Zdeněk, Vlastimil REICHEL and Štěpán VESELÝ. The border effect in European air transport. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research. JAFFALAAN (NETHERLANDS): Technische Universiteit Delft, 2022, vol. 22, No 2, p. 224-233. ISSN 1567-7133. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.18757/ejtir.2022.22.2.5773.
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Basic information
Original name The border effect in European air transport
Authors TOMEŠ, Zdeněk (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Vlastimil REICHEL (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution) and Štěpán VESELÝ (203 Czech Republic).
Edition European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, JAFFALAAN (NETHERLANDS), Technische Universiteit Delft, 2022, 1567-7133.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 50200 5.2 Economics and Business
Country of publisher Netherlands
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Impact factor Impact factor: 1.700
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14560/22:00126337
Organization unit Faculty of Economics and Administration
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.18757/ejtir.2022.22.2.5773
UT WoS 000826860700009
Keywords in English border effect; air transport; gravity model; liberalization
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Pavlína Kurková, učo 368752. Changed: 31/3/2023 16:33.
Abstract
This article deals with the analysis of the border effect in European air transport. The border effect measures how trade or transport flows are diminished when they cross a national border. This topic has attracted a great deal of attention within trade, but it is still little studied within transport. Existing studies have estimated that the border effect diminished air passenger transport flows by a factor of five to six. However, there have been many changes in the European economy and transport since those studies. Our estimate based on a new data set suggested the existence of a border effect in European passenger air traffic flows, albeit with a lower value of around two. A possible reason for the lower value is the growing integration of the European economy and the development of low-cost carriers in Europe between 2000 and 2019. Our econometric analysis also found differences in border effects among European countries. No significant border effect was detected for France, but we did find high and significant effects for Germany, Spain, and Poland. These differences can be attributed to different intensities of intermodal competition on domestic routes.
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EF16_026/0008430, research and development projectName: Nová mobilita - vysokorychlostní dopravní systémy a dopravní chování populace
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  • a concrete person prof. Ing. Zdeněk Tomeš, Ph.D., učo 18415
  • a concrete person Ing. Mgr. Vlastimil Reichel, Ph.D., učo 357467
  • a concrete person Mgr. Pavlína Kurková, učo 368752
  • a concrete person Ing. Mgr. Štěpán Veselý, učo 410247
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  • a concrete person Ing. Mgr. Štěpán Veselý, učo 410247
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