LIŠKOVÁ, Kateřina, Natalia JARSKA, Annina GAGYIOVA, Jose Luis Aguilar LOPEZ-BARAJAS and Šárka Caitlín RÁBOVÁ. Work, marriage and premature birth : the socio-medicalisation of pregnancy in state socialist East-Central Europe. Medical History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023, vol. 67, No 4, p. 285-306. ISSN 0025-7273. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2023.28.
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Basic information
Original name Work, marriage and premature birth : the socio-medicalisation of pregnancy in state socialist East-Central Europe
Authors LIŠKOVÁ, Kateřina (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Natalia JARSKA (616 Poland), Annina GAGYIOVA, Jose Luis Aguilar LOPEZ-BARAJAS and Šárka Caitlín RÁBOVÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution).
Edition Medical History, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2023, 0025-7273.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 50403 Social topics
Country of publisher United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW article - open access
Impact factor Impact factor: 1.400 in 2022
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14230/23:00133981
Organization unit Faculty of Social Studies
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2023.28
UT WoS 001086456400001
Keywords in English medical expertise; medicalisation; childbirth; reproductive health; gender; comparative history
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Michal Petr, učo 65024. Changed: 25/4/2024 09:37.
Abstract
Reproductive health in state socialism is usually viewed as an area in which the broader contexts of women's lives were disregarded. Focusing on expert efforts to reduce premature births, we show that the social aspects of women's lives received the most attention. In contrast to typical descriptions emphasising technological medicalisation and pharmaceuticalisation, we show that expertise in early socialism was concerned with socio-medical causes of prematurity, particularly work and marriage. The interest in physical work in the 1950s evolved towards a focus on psychological factors in the 1960s and on broader socio-economic conditions in the 1970s. Experts highlighted marital happiness as conducive to healthy birth and considered unwed women more prone to prematurity. By the 1980s, social factors had faded from interest in favour of a bio-medicalised view. Our findings are based on a rigorous comparative analysis of medical journals from Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia and East Germany.
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  • a concrete person Mgr. Šárka Caitlín Rábová, Ph.D., učo 247734
  • a concrete person Mgr. Blanka Farkašová, učo 97333
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