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SOPOUŠEK, Jiří and Luboš PRCHLÍK. THERMODYNAMIC AND KINETIC SIMULATIONS OF POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT APLICATED ON P91/P22 JOINT OF STEELS. In V. Pracovní setkání fyzikálních chemiků a elektrochemiků. 2005th ed. Brno: Masarykova univerzita v Brně, 2005. p. 84-86.
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Basic information
Name in Czech Termodynamická a kinetická simulace posvarového žíhání na odstranění pnutí použitá pro P91/P22 spojení ocelí
Authors SOPOUŠEK, Jiří (203 Czech Republic, guarantor) and Luboš PRCHLÍK (203 Czech Republic).
Edition 2005. vyd. Brno, V. Pracovní setkání fyzikálních chemiků a elektrochemiků, p. 84-86, 3 pp. 2005.
Publisher Masarykova univerzita v Brně
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Proceedings paper
Field of Study 10403 Physical chemistry
Country of publisher Czech Republic
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/05:00012373
Organization unit Faculty of Science
Keywords in English Equilibria;Calphad;DICTRA; weld;steel;heat-resistant
Tags CALPHAD, DICTRA, equilibria, heat-resistant, steel, weld
Changed by Changed by: prof. RNDr. Jiří Sopoušek, CSc., učo 2405. Changed: 27/1/2006 16:22.
Weld joints between dissimilar materials represent critical locations of structures operating at high temperatures. Among other industries, dissimilar joints are increasingly used in power generation & turbomachinery. The evaluation of diffusion-controlled processes is extremely valuable, since it allows estimating long-term mechanical and microstructural stability of dissimilar welds. Diffusion and phase transformation processes were studied theoretically for P91/P22 weld joint. Modified material P91 (0.14wt%C, 10.5%Cr, 1.5%Mo, 0.6%Ni, 0.2%V, 0.04%N 0.04%Nb) represents progressive chromium steel and material P22 (0.07%C, 2.3Cr, 0,9%Mo) can be used as weld alloy. CALPHAD approach1 and thermodynamic database STEEL2 were used for thermodynamic descriptions. It enables to predict phase diagrams and activity temperature dependences of the steels. The simulated weld joint was approximated as a diffusion couple after post weld heat treatment (PWHT). Diffusion-controlled processes were described using the same method as described. DICTRA program and kinetic database DIF5 were used for diffusion simulation. The calculated carbon activity difference shows that the carbon tends to diffuse from material P22 with low carbon content to material P91 with high carbon content (up-hill diffusion) as illustrated. The simulation of the diffusion process using described approach enabled to obtain results presented. The final carbon profile shows up-hill diffusion and carbon-depleted zone in material P22. The phase profiles indicate that complex phase transformations can be supposed inside diffusion-affected zone. These transformations produce for example LAVES phase inside carbon depleted zone and M23C6 carbide inside carbon enriched zone. The thermodynamic/kinetic simulation of post weld heat treatment of the P91/P22 joint shows how it is possible now to reduce time and money consuming experiments and optimise welding consumables used.
Abstract (in Czech)
Termodynamická a kinetická simulace posvarového žíhání na odstranění pnutí použitá pro P91/P22 spojení ocelí
GA106/03/0636, research and development projectName: Teoretické modelování a experimentální studium strukturní stability moderních žárupevných ocelí a jejich svarů
GA106/94/0307, research and development projectName: Vztah mezi strukturou a termodynamickými vlastnostmi soustav na bázi přechodových kovů s uhlíkem a dusíkem
Investor: Czech Science Foundation, The Relations Between the Structure and Thermodynamic Properties of the Transition Metals Based Systems with Carbon and/or Nitrogen
MSM0021622410, plan (intention)Name: Fyzikální a chemické vlastnosti pokročilých materiálů a struktur
Investor: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR, Physical and chemical properties of advanced materials and structures
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