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Civil Law in the Czech Republic: The Draft Version of the Civil Code and Consumer Protection

SELUCKÁ, Markéta. Civil Law in the Czech Republic: The Draft Version of the Civil Code and Consumer Protection. European review of private law, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2010, vol. 18, 1/2010, p. 155-164. ISSN 0928-9801.
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Basic information
Original name Civil Law in the Czech Republic: The Draft Version of the Civil Code and Consumer Protection
Name in Czech Občanské právo v ČR: Návrh občanského zákoníku a ochrana spotřebitele
Authors SELUCKÁ, Markéta (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition European review of private law, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 2010, 0928-9801.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome article in a journal
Field of Study 5.5 Law
Country of publisher Netherlands
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14220/10:00043211
Organization unit Faculty of Law
Keywords (in Czech) občanské právo; ochrana spotřebitele; návrh občanského zákoníku
Keywords in English civil law; consumer protection; draft of Czech Civil Law
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: doc. JUDr. Markéta Selucká, Ph.D., učo 42875. Changed: 7/3/2012 14:00.
Abstract
For a long time, work has been in progress in the Czech Republic on a new draft of the Civil Code, which is meant to be a modern codifi cation of private law. The current Civil Code is from 1964, and, despite its 1991 amendments that brought it into harmony with democratic legal principles (the original code was a product of a socialist legislature that, among other things, subdued such institutes as private ownership, autonomy of will, and so forth), it is not up to date. Not only does it still preserve its socialist past, but also, its frequent amendments also turned it into a non-systematic codifi cation of highly disparate elements. In addition, numerous obligations are regulated by the Commercial Code, which causes serious problems with its legal interpretation and brings uncertainty into civil law relations. The drafters of the new Civil Code have reverted back to the original tradition (ABGB, Code Civil, and the 1937 Civil Code draft), without, however, taking into consideration some modern trends in civil law, namely, consumer protection and tendencies towards the unifi cation of law. The article focuses on the issue of consumer protection in the draft proposal of the Civil Code, refl ecting on the most contested issues of the legal regulation of consumer protection. In particular, it reacts to the change in the concept of the consumer, the lowering of the standard of consumer protection in the case of the sale of goods in shops, and the insensitive appropriation of terminology from EC law into the Czech legal order, which often happens without regard to the institutes of Czech private law, mainly the law of obligations.
Abstract (in Czech)
Ochrana spotřebitele je moderním trendem soukromého práva. Článek se zabývá ochranou spotřebitele v navrhovaném občanském zákoníku.
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