HÁJKOVÁ, Petra, Jan ROLEČEK, Michal HÁJEK, Michal HORSÁK, Karel FAJMON, Michal POLÁK and Eva JAMRICHOVÁ. Prehistoric origin of extremely species-rich semi-dry grasslands in the Bílé Karpaty Mts. Preslia. vol. 83, No 2, p. 185-204. ISSN 0032-7786. 2011.
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Basic information
Original name Prehistoric origin of extremely species-rich semi-dry grasslands in the Bílé Karpaty Mts.
Authors HÁJKOVÁ, Petra (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Jan ROLEČEK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Michal HÁJEK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Michal HORSÁK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Karel FAJMON (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Michal POLÁK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution) and Eva JAMRICHOVÁ (703 Slovakia, belonging to the institution).
Edition Preslia, 2011, 0032-7786.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 10600 1.6 Biological sciences
Country of publisher Czech Republic
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Impact factor Impact factor: 2.521
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/11:00049433
Organization unit Faculty of Science
UT WoS 000291336300001
Keywords in English Czech Republic; disjunct distribution; environmental history; Holocene; macrofossils; molluscs; palaeoecology; pollen; relict species; semi-dry grasslands; Slovakia; species richness
Tags AKR, rivok
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Lucie Jarošová, DiS., učo 205746. Changed: 7/4/2015 13:13.
Abstract
Bílé Karpaty Mts harbour some of the most species-rich managed grasslands in Europe, which contain a number of rare and disjunctly distributed species. Besides specific local environmental factors, the long Holocene history may explain the uniqueness of these grasslands. However, historical interpretations of the palaeoecological evidence from the region are far from unequivocal. While palaeomalacological data indicate persistence of open habitats throughout the entire Holocene, fragmentary pollen data support the hypothesis of a medieval origin of the grasslands. This paper reviews the available phytogeographical, archaeological and palaeoecological knowledge that provides indirect evidence for a prehistoric origin of the grasslands in the Bílé Karpaty Mts. High concentration of rare heliophilous species with a disjunct distribution in the south-western part of the Bílé Karpaty Mts suggest their long-term persistence. The archaeological findings provide evidence for the existence of prehistoric human settlement in this region since the Neolithic (Middle Holocene). Direct evidence for the existence of open human-influenced habitats before medieval times, based on the results of a multi-proxy analysis (macrofossils, molluscs and pollen) of an organic sediment dated back to Roman Age, is also provided. The results indicate the existence of an ancient cultural landscape with a mosaic of open grasslands, natural forests and fields. It is concluded that the evidence presented in this paper supports the hypothesis of prehistoric, rather than a medieval origin of the species-rich grasslands in the Bílé Karpaty Mts.
Links
GAP504/11/0429, research and development projectName: Gradienty prostředí, vegetační dynamika a krajinné změny v Západních Karpatech od pozdního glaciálu po současnost (Acronym: PALAEO-CARPATHIANS)
Investor: Czech Science Foundation
KJB601630803, research and development projectName: Původ a vývoj vápnitých slatinišť a jejich bioty v Západních Karpatech: Otázka glaciálních reliktů a refugií
Investor: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Origin and development of the Western Carpathian calcareous-fens and their biota: the question of glacial relicts and refuges
MSM0021622416, plan (intention)Name: Diverzita biotických společenstev a populací: kauzální analýza variability v prostoru a čase
Investor: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR, Diversity of Biotic Communities and Populations: Causal Analysis of variation in space and time
SP/2D3/54/07, research and development projectName: Syntéza poznatků o stavu biodiverzity travních porostů v CHKO Bílé Karpaty s cílem vytvoření metodiky pro zachování biodiverzity tohoto ekosystému
Investor: Ministry of the Environment of the CR, Synthesis of data on the state of grassland biodiversity in the White Carpathians Protected Landscape Area aimed at biodiversity preservation of this ecosystem
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