FAIMON, Jiří, Jindřich ŠTELCL, Miroslav KOMBEREC and Petra VESELÁ. Cave aerosol in Císařská and Sloup-Šošůvka Caves (Moravian Karst, Czech Republic). Slovenský kras (Acta Carsologica Slovaca). Liptovský Mikuláš: Slovenské múzeum ochrany prírody a jaskyniarstva, 2011, vol. 49, No 2, p. 107-113. ISSN 0560-3137.
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Basic information
Original name Cave aerosol in Císařská and Sloup-Šošůvka Caves (Moravian Karst, Czech Republic)
Name in Czech Jeskynní aerosoly v Císařské a Sloupsko-šošůvských jeskyních (Moravský kras, Česká republika)
Authors FAIMON, Jiří (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Jindřich ŠTELCL (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Miroslav KOMBEREC (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution) and Petra VESELÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution).
Edition Slovenský kras (Acta Carsologica Slovaca), Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovenské múzeum ochrany prírody a jaskyniarstva, 2011, 0560-3137.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study Geochemistry
Country of publisher Slovakia
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/11:00053864
Organization unit Faculty of Science
Keywords (in Czech) aerosol; atmosféra; jeskyně; složení; koncentrace; morfologie; částice; roční období
Keywords in English aerosol; atmosphere; cave; composition; concentration; morphology; outdoor; particle; season
Tags AKR, rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: doc. Ing. Jiří Faimon, Dr., učo 1405. Changed: 5/3/2012 11:40.
Abstract
Both the cave and outdoor aerosols are polydispersive consisting of (1) irregular particles, (2) ultra-fine spherical particles and (3) aggregates of the particles. Ca, Si, and Al dominate in the large particles of both the cave and external aerosols. In addition, Fe appears sporadically among dominant elements in aerosol of the Sloup-Šošůvka Caves. Metals (Zn > Cu > Pb), chlorine, and sulfur appear in minor/trace concentrations. Carbon and oxygen is dominant in ultra-fine particles. The particle stoichiometry indicates (i) carbonates/silicates in cave aerosol, (ii) silicates/gypsum in outdoor aerosol, and (iii) organic matter (debris of microorganisms, spores, and pollens) in both aerosol types. Particles formed by condensation reactions (e.g., the reaction of gaseous sulfur oxides with calcite/plagioclase or reaction of aquatic Ca and carbonate ions) probably contribute to the aerosol. In winter, total weight concentrations of the cave aerosol exceeded the outdoor aerosol concentrations. In summer, cave aerosol concentrations were at their minimum, while outdoor aerosol concentrations were near maximum. In contrast, the concentrations of ultra-fine particles are roughly the same in all environments, at their minimum in summer and at their maximum in winter. Our results indicate that actual cave aerosol is a complex mix of dominant outdoor aerosol and minor cave native aerosol. Only little difference between cave aerosol and external aerosol questions a special role of cave aerosols as a significant speleotherapeutic factor.
Links
MSM0021622427, plan (intention)Name: Interdisciplinární centrum výzkumů sociálních struktur pravěku až vrcholného středověku. Archeologický terénní a teoretický výzkum, využití přírodních věd, metodologie a informatika, ochrana kulturního dědictví
Investor: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR, Research Intents
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