DANIHELKA, Jiří. Kruhatka Matthiolova (Cortusa matthioli) v Sudetech aneb anti-Hendrych (Once again on Cortusa matthioli in the Sudeten Mountains (Czech Republic): challenging Prof. Hendrych’s methods and beliefs). Zprávy České botanické společnosti. Praha: Česká botanická společnost, 2011, vol. 46, No 2, p. 251-263. ISSN 1211-5258.
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Basic information
Original name Kruhatka Matthiolova (Cortusa matthioli) v Sudetech aneb anti-Hendrych
Name (in English) Once again on Cortusa matthioli in the Sudeten Mountains (Czech Republic): challenging Prof. Hendrych’s methods and beliefs
Authors DANIHELKA, Jiří (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution).
Edition Zprávy České botanické společnosti, Praha, Česká botanická společnost, 2011, 1211-5258.
Other information
Original language Czech
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study 10600 1.6 Biological sciences
Country of publisher Czech Republic
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/11:00056006
Organization unit Faculty of Science
Keywords (in Czech) střední Evropa; C. Schwenckfelt; historie botaniky; P. A. Mattioli; Primulaceae
Keywords in English Central Europe; C. Schwenckfelt; history of botany; P. A. Matthiolus; Primulaceae
Tags AKR, rivok
Changed by Changed by: Ing. Jiří Danihelka, Ph.D., učo 5926. Changed: 21. 3. 2016 17:12.
Abstract
V roce 2003 prof. Radovan Hendrych uveřejnil studii, v níž tvrdí, že kruhatka Matthiolova (Cortusa matthioli), v současnosti známá v České republice jen z Moravského krasu, se kdysi vyskytovala v Krkonoších a v Hrubém Jeseníku. V případě Krkonoš argumentuje údaji v knize Stirpium et fossilium Silesiae catalogus z roku 1600 (autor C. Schwenckfelt), v případě Hrubého Jeseníku pak sběrem kruhatky lokalizovaným do okolí města Jeseník (sběratel F. von Mückusch 1749-1837). Předmětem práce je rozbor příslušného textu a dále rozbor spolehlivosti floristických údajů uvedeného sběratele. Výsledkem je názor, že Schwenckfeltova kniha neposkytuje důkaz o výskytu kruhatky v Krkonoši a že příslušná pasáž textu byla přejata nejspíš z Mattiolohi herbáře, zatímco v případě sběru z Hrubého Jeseníku je třeba vzhledem k dobovým souvislostem a osobě sběratele považovat za dobový podvrh.
Abstract (in English)
In 2003, the late Professor Radovan Hendrych published a study in which he argued that Cortusa matthioli, currently known in Czechia only from one site in the Moravian Karst in southern Moravia, had occurred in the Krkonoše Mts in northern Bohemia and in the Hrubý Jeseník Mts in northern Moravia until the 16th and 19th century, respectively. He based his opinion on the description of C. matthioli in a natural history book, Stirpium et fossilium Silesiae catalogus, by C. Schwenckfelt (published in 1600), in which the species is said to occur in the valleys of the Krkonoše Mts, and on a specimen of C. matthioli, now deposited in the herbarium of the Silesian Museum in Opava (OP), reportedly collected by F. von Mückusch (1749–1837) near the town of Jeseník. A comparison of the Cortusa description by Schwenckfelt with the protologue published by Matthioli in 1565 and with illustrations in some other contemporary herbals has shown that C. Schwenckfelt may have never seen the plant himself as he only modified and abridged earlier descriptions in an inappropriate manner, including the statement about white flowers. Hendrych’s speculations about abundant stands of Cortusa in the Krkonoše mountain valleys, used as supporting argument, are based on his wrong translation of the original Latin text. The Mückusch specimen, first reported on by Josef Duda 60 years ago, is one of dozens of specimens of thermophilous, Carpathian or other species, reportedly collected or seen by Mückusch in northern Moravia or in the adjacent part of Silesia. However, even their former presence in the region is very unlikely for ecological and phytogeographical reasons, and therefore, the locality information given in floras or on the labels has to be considered untruthful; Mückusch may have acquired the specimens by exchange with other contemporary botanists. Therefore, there exists no evidence even for historical occurrence of C. matthioli in northern Bohemia and northern Moravia.
Links
LC06073, research and development projectName: Centrum pro výzkum biodiverzity
Investor: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR, Biodiversity Research Center
MSM0021622416, plan (intention)Name: Diverzita biotických společenstev a populací: kauzální analýza variability v prostoru a čase
Investor: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR, Diversity of Biotic Communities and Populations: Causal Analysis of variation in space and time
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