ADAM, Martin. Semantic Affinity between the Subject and the Verb: In the Footprints of the Prague School. In SDAŠ 2012: The Changes in Epochal Paradigms and the Opportunities They Offer for English Studies. 3rd International Conference of the Slovene Association for the Study of English (Ljubljana, Slovenia). 2012.
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Basic information
Original name Semantic Affinity between the Subject and the Verb: In the Footprints of the Prague School
Name in Czech Sémantická afinita mezi podmětem a slovesem: ve stopách Pražské školy
Authors ADAM, Martin.
Edition SDAŠ 2012: The Changes in Epochal Paradigms and the Opportunities They Offer for English Studies. 3rd International Conference of the Slovene Association for the Study of English (Ljubljana, Slovenia), 2012.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Presentations at conferences
Field of Study 60200 6.2 Languages and Literature
Country of publisher Slovenia
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
WWW URL
Organization unit Faculty of Education
Keywords (in Czech) FSP; affinity; subject; verb; presentation;
Keywords in English FSP; afinita; podmět; sloveso; prezentace;
Tags International impact
Changed by Changed by: doc. Mgr. Martin Adam, Ph.D., učo 14990. Changed: 10. 5. 2012 18:27.
Abstract
Firmly anchored in the Praguian theory of functional sentence perspective (FSP), the present paper discusses the prototypical type of sentences implementing the so-called Presentation Scale (i.e. that containing a rhematic subject in preverbal position) within both fiction and non-fiction (religious) narrative discourse. Special attention is paid to the semantic affinity operating between the subject and the predicate; in such distributional fields (cf. A bird chirped on the twig. or The glory of the Lord shone around them.) the verbs seem to semantically support the character of their subjects. Thus, the S-V affinity appears to play a significant role in enabling the English verb to express existence or appearance on the scene in an implicit way. The phenomenon of semantic affinity is discussed on the basis of FSP investigation of a sample corpus of narrative texts compiled and processed by the author. Apart from the syntactic-semantic analysis, S-V affinity is also examined through the prism of eminent Czech representatives of the Prague School legacy, such as Vilém Mathesius, Jan Firbas, Aleš Svoboda, or Libuše Dušková.
Abstract (in Czech)
Přednáška na konferenci se zabývala afinitou mezi slovesem a podmětem v tzv. prezentačních větách v rámci teorie FSP.
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