PSMB010 Personality structures

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2018
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
PhDr. Anton Polák (lecturer), PhDr. Zuzana Slováčková, Ph.D. (deputy)
Guaranteed by
PhDr. Anton Polák
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jarmila Valchářová
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Timetable
Fri 30. 11. 12:00–17:40 B2.24, Sat 1. 12. 9:00–18:40 B2.24
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.

The capacity limit for the course is 55 student(s).
Current registration and enrolment status: enrolled: 2/55, only registered: 0/55
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The lecture block „Personality structures“ presents a theoretical model based on longstanding practical experience of several schools of dynamic psychotherapy (classical psychonalysis, ego psychology, self psychology, object relations theory and Gestalt therapy). It combines a few important aspects or perspectives (developmental, diagnostic, clinical and psychotherapeutic), and thus it represents a useful clinical tool applicable in psychotherapeutic practice. Based on the characteristics present in the picture of one´s observable functioning this model provides the therapist with fast orientation in the structure and organisation of the person´s characteristic personality processes, types of defensive functioning, central conflict, and thus it enables the choice of the most optimum psychotherapeutic interventions and approaches.
Learning outcomes
After finishing the course the student will be able to differentiate between organsation and structure, to recognise the profiles of borderline, narcissistic, schizoid, depressive, obssesive and hysterical personality in their typical manifestations, to understand the developmental background, dynamics of of central conflicts and processes underlying the actual symptomatic picture, to understand the differences between their normal and psychopathological variants and the essential therapeutic strategies in treatment of these states.
Syllabus
  • Introduction: Summarizing the psychotherapeutic experience confirming that the problems patients bring to therapy develop on the base of readiness to some symptomatic reactions that is rooted right in the patient´s personality and represents a meaningful general attitude towards the world which gives to his or her way of functioning some characteristic nature. These reactions reflect the original early motivations or needs which were halted and stayed unfulfilled, and therefore they were transformed into the personality characteristics. This central conflict with the outside world or its resolution maintains constantly present in the personality dynamics and under certain circumstances it may evoke into a symptomatic picture, again.
  • Borderline personality organisation (borderline personality disorder, narcissitic personality disorder), developmental context, the level of defense mechanisms and object relations, process dynamics, therapy, transference and countertransference issues.
  • Schizoid personality structure (schizoid personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder), developmental context, typical defensive mechanisms and manifestations, process dynamics, therapy, transference and counter transference issues.
  • Depressive personality structure (dependant personality disorder), developmental context, typical defensive mechanisms and manifestations, process dynamics, therapy, transference and countertransference issues.
  • Obssesive personality structure (obssesive compulsive personality disorder), developmental context, typical defensive mechanisms and manifestations, process dynamics, therapy, transference and countertransference issueas.
  • Hysterical personality structure (histrionic personality disorder), developmental context, typical defensive mechanisms and manifestations, process dynamics, therapy, transference and countertransference issues.
  • Summary
Literature
  • RIEMANN, Fritz. Základní formy strachu :typy lidské osobnosti, jejich vznik, charakteristiky a formy vztahů. Translated by Eva Bosáková. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 1999. 199 s. ISBN 80-7178-313-7. info
  • PONĚŠICKÝ, Jan. Neurózy, psychosomatická onemocnění a psychoterapie : hlubinně-psychologický pohled na strukturu a dynamiku psychogenních poruch. Edited by Jiří Šavlík - Jiří Růžička. Vyd. 1. V Praze: Triton, 1999. 207 s. ISBN 8072540505. info
  • DeLisle: Personality Disorders Gestalt perspective
  • JANÍK, Alojz and Karel DUŠEK. Diagnostika duševních poruch. 1. vyd., 2. vyd. Praha: Avicenum. 348 s., 40. info
  • SMOLÍK, Petr. Duševní a behaviorální poruchy :průvodce klasifikací. Nástin nozologie. Diagnostika. [1. vyd.]. Praha: MAXDORF-JESSENIUS, 1996. 504 s. ISBN 80-85800-33-0. info
  • DSM IV
  • Johnson S. M.: Charakterové typy člověka (Computer Press 2007)
  • Polák A. : Prejavy obrán a úrovne objektových vzťahov (Ročenka ČSRaP, 2006)
  • Polák A. : Přednášky k strukturám osobnosti
  • Brautigam W. : Reakcie, neurózy, psychopatie (Vydavatelstvo F, 1994)
  • Schwidder W.: Klinika neuróz (Vydavatelstvo F, 1993)
  • Kernberg O.: Narcismus a patologická láska (Portál 2004)
  • Hall C. S., Lindzey G.: Psychológia osobnosti (SPN 2002)
  • Bacal H. A, Newman K. M.: Theories of Object Relations: Bridges to Self Psychology (Columbia University Press 1990)
  • Johnson S. M.: Charakterová proměna člověka (Computer Press 2006)
  • Greenberg J. R., Mitchell S. A.: Object Relations in Psychoanalytic Theory (Harvard University Press 1983)
Teaching methods
Lectures, case studies illustrations, discussion.
Theoretical lectures using case studies from psychotherapeutic practice, group discussion, recommended literature studying.
Assessment methods
This block of lectures is outlined as a colloqiuium. Full attendance is required and besides that its completion is determnined by reading upon all types of personality pictures and confirming their knowledge in the final written test. The test performance must confirm convincingly the understanding the dynamics of personality types, their developmental context and the principles of therapeutic work with them.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.

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