Correct diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the ear, upper respiratory tract, swallowing tract, and external neck Ear, nose, and throat conditions under scrutiny

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Otorhinolaryngology is an essential branch of clinical medicine that deals with conditions of the upper respiratory tract and the swallowing tract, cochleovestibular system, and the viscera of the neck. Clinical examination methods used in otorhinolaryngology are very time-demanding and require a high degree of dexterity. Examination and surgical treatment of the deep areas of the ear, nose, nasopharynx, larynx, oesophagus, and base of the skull require exceptional orientation skills, dexterity, patience, and care. Conditions of the ear, nose, and throat are very frequent, often cited as the third most frequent types of conditions (with the first two being internal medicine and surgical conditions). Otorhinolaryngology is also very important for general practitioners, since approx. 30% of their patients come with ENT conditions; this ratio is even higher in paediatric outpatient facilities. Otorhinolaryngology also deals with a number of emergency and first aid diagnoses, such as bleeding, dyspnoea, foreign bodies, acid and lye burns, sudden loss of hearing, acute dizziness and vertigo, etc. Every physician should be familiar with the treatment required in these emergency situations.

On the undergraduate level, otorhinolaryngology courses teach applied anatomy of the head and neck, basic diagnostic methods, differential diagnosis and treatments for ENT conditions. The Otorhinolaryngology doctoral degree programme aims to provide students with knowledge and skills needed for unsupervised research in otorhinolaryngology.


After successfully completing his/her studies the graduate is able to:

  • In the case of Master’s programme students:
  • Perform basic clinical otorhinolaryngology assessment.
  • Recognize normal finding in the examined patient.
  • Recommend further steps for pathological findings.
  • Suggest basic treatment.
  • In the case of PhD students:
  • Work independently as a researcher in otorhinolaryngology.

Otorhinolaryngology is a part of the study of medicine at the Master’s level. Graduates of this programme can, after receiving further specialized education, work as physicians in state and private healthcare facilities and as specialized physicians in otorhinolaryngology.

Graduates of the PhD degree programme can work as researchers in otorhinolaryngology.


Master’s study programme: students complete 45 hours of clinical practice and 15 hours of lectures.

Doctoral studies: The standard length of the study programme is no less than three and no more than four years.

Students need to include English as a required course in their study plan as well as four selective courses (Molecular Biology and Genetics, New Trends in Pathophysiology, New Trends in Medical Immunology, Clinical Data Analysis, Ethics in Research and Experiments, Rhetoric. Standards of Interpersonal Communication, Acquisition of Scientific Information, Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials, Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials, Computer Network User). Students also have to complete the required course Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery together with one of the specialized courses listed below:

ENT Oncology

ENT Traumatology

Thyroid Surgery

Endonasal Surgery

Ear Surgery



The study plan also includes the following compulsory requirements:

Active participation in educational events

Regular study of scientific literature

Teaching up to 50 hours during the standard length of the studies

Submitting a doctoral thesis

Compiling theoretical sources for the doctoral thesis into a paper

Published papers: at least 2 published first-author papers in a Czech scholarly journal and first-author or co-author paper in a journal with IF

Regular consultations with the supervisor

Presentation of partial outcomes of the doctoral thesis at a clinical workshop


Master’s study programme: students take part in compulsory clinical practice at the Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Clinic at the St. Anne’s University Hospital and at the ENT Department at Paediatric University Hospital Brno.

Doctoral studies: PhD students complete practical training at facilities where they are employed.


Master’s study programme:100% attendance at practical training and passing the exam.

Doctoral degree programme:

During the course of their studies, students have to earn at least 240 credits, pass no less than 5 courses common to all PhD students, and earn 30 credits for fulfilling the publication requirements, including at least one paper published in a journal with IF.

To complete their studies, students need to pass their doctoral state exam and defend their dissertation to prove that they are ready to work as independent experts in research and development. The doctoral thesis has to contain original and published findings or findings that have been accepted for publishing.


Field of study specifications

Field of Study: Otorinolaryngology
Abbreviation: ORL
Code: 5103V042
Type: doctoral degree programme
Degree: Ph.D.
Accreditation: to 31/12/2024
Programme: P5137 D-OR4 Otorhinolaryngology (4-years)
Faculty of Medicine
Field of study guaranteed by:
Faculty of Medicine