aZLBF011p Lékařská fyzika a informatika - přednáška

Lékařská fakulta
podzim 2018
Rozsah
2/0/0. 30. 3 kr. Ukončení: zk.
Vyučující
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (přednášející)
MUDr. Aleš Bourek, Ph.D. (přednášející)
Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (přednášející)
MUDr. Lenka Forýtková, CSc. (přednášející)
Mgr. Daniel Vlk, CSc. (přednášející)
Marta Vágnerová (pomocník)
Garance
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Biofyzikální ústav - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Kontaktní osoba: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Biofyzikální ústav - Teoretická pracoviště - Lékařská fakulta
Rozvrh
Pá 11:00–12:40 A11/327
Předpoklady
Basic knowledge of high school physics
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je nabízen i studentům mimo mateřské obory.
Mateřské obory
Cíle předmětu
At the end of the course students should be able to: to understand the principles of devices used namely in dental medicine; to recognize possible risks connected with the use of some medical devices (of mechanical, electromagnetic or optical character, ionizing radiation); to accept rules and methods of safe use of this devices - both in patients and in the healthcare professionals; to understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical/environmental conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, origin of membrane potentials; to understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs; to understand the main concepts in information theory and namely the healthcare informatics
Výstupy z učení
After finishing the course students are able:
- to understand the principles of devices used namely in dental medicine;
- to avoid possible risks connected with the use of some medical devices (of differen physical character);
- to use safely this devices - both in patients and in the healthcare professionals;
- to understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, membrane potentials;
- to understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs;
- to understand the main concepts in information theory and namely the healthcare informatics
Osnova
  • Medical physics and informatics. 1. Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter. 2. Biological effects of ionising radiation. 3. Thermodynamic principles and entropy. 4. Thermodynamic processes in living organisms. 5. Introduction into molecular biophysics I (subject of study). 6. Biophysics of biomembranes. Bioelectric phenomena. 7. Biophysics of cardiovascular system. 8. Biophysics of respiratory system. 9. Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing. 10. Biophysics of vision. 11. Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on the living organisms. 12. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation. 13. Introduction into biocybernetics and modelling. 14. Medical informatics (importance and resources). Physical principles of medical technology. 1. Medicine and technology. Biosignals and their processing. 2. Conventional X-ray imaging methods. 3. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI). 4. Radionuclide diagnostics. 5. Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy. 6. Measurement and registration of temperature. 7. Optical laboratory instruments. 8. Electrodiagnostic methods. 9. Ultrasound imaging. 10. Ultrasound Doppler and duplex methods. 11. Measurement and registration of mechanical quantities, namely blood pressure measurement. 12. Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy. 13. Modern physical methods in surgery.
Literatura
Výukové metody
lectures
Metody hodnocení
The exam has theoretical character but can be done only with the credits gained for practicals. The exam consists of written test consisting of 25 questions and oral part, which can be done only when the number of correctly answered questions is 14 or more. This limit is lowered to 11 in the last exam resit. The oral part consists of 2 questions as a rule. They are chosen from the list which is available in department web page. The examined student has to be able to explain the problems and characterise their possible clinical importance.
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
http://www.med.muni.cz/biofyz/md.htm
Další komentáře
Studijní materiály
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Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích podzim 2015, podzim 2016, podzim 2017, podzim 2019.