aZLBF011p Medical Physics and Informatics - lecture

Faculty of Medicine
autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
MUDr. Aleš Bourek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. Vladan Bernard, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Lenka Forýtková, CSc. (lecturer)
Mgr. Daniel Vlk, CSc. (lecturer)
Marta Vágnerová (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Supplier department: Department of Biophysics - Theoretical Departments - Faculty of Medicine
Timetable
Fri 11:00–12:40 A11/327
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of high school physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: to understand the principles of devices used namely in dental medicine; to recognize possible risks connected with the use of some medical devices (of mechanical, electromagnetic or optical character, ionizing radiation); to accept rules and methods of safe use of this devices - both in patients and in the healthcare professionals; to understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical/environmental conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, origin of membrane potentials; to understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs; to understand the main concepts in information theory and namely the healthcare informatics
Learning outcomes
After finishing the course students are able:
- to understand the principles of devices used namely in dental medicine;
- to avoid possible risks connected with the use of some medical devices (of differen physical character);
- to use safely this devices - both in patients and in the healthcare professionals;
- to understand physical principles of some physiological processes and their affection by external physical conditions (cardiovascular system, respiration, membrane potentials;
- to understand the main concepts of the biophysics of sensory organs;
- to understand the main concepts in information theory and namely the healthcare informatics
Syllabus
  • Medical physics and informatics. 1. Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter. 2. Biological effects of ionising radiation. 3. Thermodynamic principles and entropy. 4. Thermodynamic processes in living organisms. 5. Introduction into molecular biophysics I (subject of study). 6. Biophysics of biomembranes. Bioelectric phenomena. 7. Biophysics of cardiovascular system. 8. Biophysics of respiratory system. 9. Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing. 10. Biophysics of vision. 11. Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on the living organisms. 12. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation. 13. Introduction into biocybernetics and modelling. 14. Medical informatics (importance and resources). Physical principles of medical technology. 1. Medicine and technology. Biosignals and their processing. 2. Conventional X-ray imaging methods. 3. Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI). 4. Radionuclide diagnostics. 5. Methods and instruments for ionising radiation therapy. 6. Measurement and registration of temperature. 7. Optical laboratory instruments. 8. Electrodiagnostic methods. 9. Ultrasound imaging. 10. Ultrasound Doppler and duplex methods. 11. Measurement and registration of mechanical quantities, namely blood pressure measurement. 12. Methods and instruments used in physiotherapy. 13. Modern physical methods in surgery.
Literature
Teaching methods
lectures
Assessment methods
The exam has theoretical character but can be taken only with the credits obtained for practicals. The exam consists of written test consisting of 25 questions and oral part, which can be sit only when the number of correctly answered questions is 14 or more. This limit is lowered to 11 in the last exam resit. The oral part consists of 2 questions as a rule. They are chosen from the list which is available in the department web page. The examined student has to be able to explain the problems and characterise their possible clinical importance.
Language of instruction
English
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses

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Teacher's information
http://www.med.muni.cz/biofyz/md.htm
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, autumn 2018.
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