PSBA003 General Psychology I: Cognitive Psychology

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught in person.
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Helena Klimusová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Dalibor Vobořil, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Helena Klimusová, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: Jarmila Valchářová
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Arts
Timetable
Thu 8:00–9:40 D22
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
General psychology integrates basic theoretical concepts. These are above all: attention, perception, memory, mental representation and language. Knowledge about these phenomenons are necessary for any other courses in psychology.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students will be able to apply basic theoretical knowledge regarding cognitive processes and synthesize it with knowledge gained in other courses. They will be able to critically evaluate individual theoretical approaches to human cognition.
Syllabus
  • 1) Introduction – the emergence and antecedents of cognitive psychology; cognitive science and cognitive neuroscience
  • 2) Sensation and perception
  • 3) Attention and consciousness
  • 4) Memory
  • 5) Mental representation
  • 6) Language
  • 7) Reasoning and problem solving
  • 8) Intelligence
  • 9) Judgment and decision making
Literature
    required literature
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. and Mark T. KEANE. Kognitivní psychologie. Translated by Miroslav Filip. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2008. 748 s. ISBN 9788020015594. info
  • STERNBERG, Robert J. Kognitivní psychologie. Translated by František Koukolík. Vyd. 1. Praha: Portál, 2002. 636 s. ISBN 80-7178-376-5. info
    recommended literature
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. and Marc Peter KEANE. Cognitive psychology :a student's handbook. 4th ed. Hove: Psychology Press, 2000. viii, 631. ISBN 0-86377-551-9. info
  • EYSENCK, Michael W. A handbook of cognitive psychology. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1984. ISBN 0-86377-016-9. info
  • GAVIN, Helen. The essence of cognitive psychology. 1st pub. London: Prentice-Hall Europe, 1998. xi, 215 s. ISBN 0-13-796459-5. info
  • SOLSO, Robert L. Cognitive psychology. 5th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998. xx, 601 s. ISBN 0-205-27418-8. info
    not specified
  • Marcel, A. J. (1983). Conscious and unconscious perception: Experiments on visual masking and word recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 15(2), 197-237.
  • Chambers, D., & Reisberg, D. (1985). Can mental images be ambiguous? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 11(3), 317-328.
  • Gick, M.L., & Holyoak, K.J. (1980). Analogical problem solving. Cognitive Psychology, 12, 306–355.
  • Gobet, F., & Clarkson, G. (2004). Chunks in expert memory: Evidence for the magical number four . . . or is it two? Memory, 12, 732–747.
  • Kenealy, P. M. (1997). Mood-state-dependent retrieval: The effects of induced mood on memory reconsidered. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 50A, 290–317.
  • Sperling, G. (1960). The information available in brief visual presentations. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 74(11), 1–29. (pouze Experimenty 1-5)
  • Todd, J. T., Akerström, R. A. (1987). Perception of three-dimensional form from patterns of optical texture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 13, 242–255.
  • Luchins, A.S. (1942). Mechanisation in problém solving. The effect of Einstellung. Psychological Monographs, 54, 248.
  • Santa, J. L. (1977). Spatial transformations of words and pictures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3(4), 418-427.
  • Lavie, N. (1995). Perceptual load as a necessary condition for selective attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21(3), 451-468.
  • Hsee, C. K. (1998). Less is better: When low value options are valued more highly than high value options. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 11(2), 107-121.
  • Metcalfe, J., & Weibe, D. (1987). Intuition in insight and noninsight problem solving. Memory& Cognition, 15, 238–246.
  • Bransford, J. D., & Johnson, M. K. (1972). Contextual prerequisites for understanding: Some investigations of comprehension and recall. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11(6), 717-726.
  • Simons, D. J., & Chabris, C. F. (1999). Gorillas in our midst: Sustained inattentional blindness for dynamic events. Perception, 28(9), 1059-1074.
  • Chen, Z., & Klahr, D. (1999). All other things being equal: Children’s acquisition of the control of variables strategy. Child Development, 70, 1098–1120.
  • Moray, N. (1959). Attention in dichotic listening: Affective cues and the influence of instructions. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 11(1), 56-60.
  • Gibson, E. J., & Walk, R. D. (1960). The "visual cliff.". Scientific American. Vol. 202, No. 4 (April 1960), pp. 64-71.
  • Kintsch, W., & Keenan, J.M. (1973). Reading rate and retention as a function of the number of propositions in the base structure of sentences. Cognitive Psychology, 5, 257–274.
  • Shepard, R. N., & Metzler, J. (1971). Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Science, 171(3972), 701-703.
  • Baddeley, A. D., Thomson, N., Buchanan, M. (1975). Word length and the structure of short-term memory. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 14, 575–589.
  • Bruner, J. S., Goodman, C. D. (1947). Value and need as organising factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 42, 33–44.
  • Stroop, J. R. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18(6), 643-662.
  • Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological review, 63(2), 81-97.
  • Owen, A.M., Downes, J.J., Sahakian, B.J., Polkey, C.E., & Robbins, T.W. (1990). Planning and spatial working memory following frontal lobe lesions in man. Neuropsychologia, 28, 1021–1034.
  • Thomas, J. C. (1974). An analysis of behavior in the hobbits-orcs problem. Cognitive Psychology, 6(2), 257-269.
  • Cherry, E. C. (1953). Some experiments on the recognition of speech with one and two ears. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 25, 975–979.
  • Segal, S. J., & Fusella, V. (1970). Influence of imaged pictures and sounds on detection of visual and auditory signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 83(3p1), 458-464.
  • Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive Maps in Rats and Men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208.
  • Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1981). The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science, 211(4481), 453-458.
  • Loftus, E. F., Palmer, J. C. (1974). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 13, 585–589.
Teaching methods
Lectures and classroom discussions
Assessment methods
Colloquium - to be awarded a colloquium, you must score at least 70% in a written test consisting of forced-choice questions.
Language of instruction
Czech
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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