XS140 Foundations of Psychology

Faculty of Science
Spring 2019
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
PhDr. Josef Lukas, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. et Mgr. Jan Mareš, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Mgr. et Mgr. Jan Mareš, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Zdeněk Bochníček, Dr.
Supplier department: Department of Psychology - Faculty of Education
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
Fields of study the course is directly associated with
there are 35 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to introduce basic terminology, theories and development of general psychology and psychology of personality. The course also introduces the basic principles and laws of psychological development, with biodromal perspective in the approach to a human, the basic characteristics of the different stages of human development, and especially with the age specifics of children and adolescents. Another aim of the course is to equip students with fundamental socio-psychological theories and basic concepts and phenomena that examines social psychology. The content of the course will show students relationships between psychology and other socio-scientific fields and indicate possibilities of usage of psychology knowledge in teaching job.
Learning outcomes
After completing the course, the student will be able to: • understand and use the basic terminology and concepts of general, developmental and social psychology; • have basic knowledge over contemporary developmental psychology, its specific methods and principles of periodization of psychological development; • understand the influence of the group on the individual, the occurrence of stereotypes and prejudices, the relations between groups and the pressures within the group; • read common psychological texts for teacher, understand them and think about them creatively; • distinguish between academic psychology knowledge and popular psychology knowledge.
  • 1. Psychology as the science, basic psychological concepts, psychological methodology and methods and relation to other sciences. Behavior and emotions. Psycholocal paradigms introduction (Associationism. Neurophysiology. Deep psychology. Behaviorism. Gestalt psychology). • 2. Basic psychological concepts (psychology, consciousness, personality, cognition) and the actual state of psychological sciences. Humanistic psychology. Cognitive psychology. • 3. Personality - the starting point for the application of psychological knowledge. Structure and dynamics of personality. Characteristics of personality. Typological approaches of personality. • 4. Aptitudes, abilities and skills, intelligence, learning and memory. Intelligence assessmement. Intelligence disorders. Intelligence and creativity. Emotion, motivation. Interests, values. Temperament, will, attention. • 5. Cognition and cognitive processes (perception, imagination, fantasy, thinking, speech). • 6. Introduction to developmental psychology, periodizations of human development stages. The theories of psychological development. • 7. Characteristics of the basic periods of human life I. (from the prenatal period to the beginning of adolescence). • 8. Characteristics of basic periods of human life II. (from adolescence to old age). • 9. Individual development and its critical moments, sensitive moments periods (in perspective of education). • 10. Human and culture; the problem of social behavior sources, social psychology as the science; pespectives of application of social psychological knowledge (in education). • 11. Socialization; socialization as the proces; social learning. Education, leadership, care, management, therapy - in socio-cultural contexts. Construction of the social world and interpersonal learning; The problem of self-realization in the context of the social environment. • 12. Social behavior. Interaction. Prosocial behavior. Social competences and skills. Attitudes. • 13. Psychology of social group. Effects of the group context on the performance and completion of social competences, characteristics and skills. Risks of group life. Group (structure and dynamics, possibilities of assessment of group characteristics).
  • VÁGNEROVÁ, Marie. Základy psychologie. Vyd. 1. Praha: Karolinum, 2004. 356 s. ISBN 9788024608419. info
  • PLHÁKOVÁ, Alena. Učebnice obecné psychologie. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2004. 472 s. ISBN 80-200-1387-3. info
  • VÁGNEROVÁ, Marie. Vývojová psychologie. Vyd. 1. Praha: Karolinum, 2007. 461 s. ISBN 9788024613185. info
  • THOROVÁ, Kateřina. Vývojová psychologie : proměny lidské psychiky od početí po smrt. Vydání první. Praha: Portál, 2015. 575 stran. ISBN 9788026207146. info
  • ŘEZÁČ, Jaroslav. Sociální psychologie. Brno: Paido, 1998. 268 s. ISBN 80-85931-48-6. info
  • ŘÍČAN, Pavel. Psychologie : příručka pro studenty. 2. dopl. vyd. Praha: Portál, 2008. 294 s. ISBN 9788073674069. info
  • HARTL, Pavel and Helena HARTLOVÁ. Velký psychologický slovník. Vyd. 4., V Portálu 1. Praha: Portál, 2010. 797 s. ISBN 9788073676865. info
  • ATKINSON, Rita L. Hilgard's introduction to psychology. Edited by Carolyn D. Smith. 13th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt College, 2000. xxiii, 768. ISBN 015508044X. info
Teaching methods
lectures, class discussion
Assessment methods
Written examination consisting of multiple-choice questions; minimum pass level 70%.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2019, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2019/XS140

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