DOSEDLOVÁ, Jaroslava, Martin JELÍNEK, Helena KLIMUSOVÁ and Iva BUREŠOVÁ. Positive Expectations – Optimism and Hope in Models. In Bekirogullari, Zafer; Minas, Melis Y.; Thambusamy, Roslind X. The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences. Amsterdam: Future Academy, 2016. p. 436-447. ISSN 2357-1330. doi:10.15405/epsbs.2016.11.45.
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Basic information
Original name Positive Expectations – Optimism and Hope in Models
Name in Czech Pozitivní očekávání - optimismus a naděje v modelech
Authors DOSEDLOVÁ, Jaroslava (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Martin JELÍNEK (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution), Helena KLIMUSOVÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution) and Iva BUREŠOVÁ (203 Czech Republic, belonging to the institution).
Edition Amsterdam, The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences, p. 436-447, 12 pp. 2016.
Publisher Future Academy
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Proceedings paper
Field of Study 50100 5.1 Psychology and cognitive sciences
Country of publisher Netherlands
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Publication form electronic version available online
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14210/16:00088381
Organization unit Faculty of Arts
ISSN 2357-1330
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.11.45
UT WoS 000390872300045
Keywords (in Czech) optimismus; pesimismus; naděje; modely
Keywords in English optimism; pessimism; hope; models
Tags rivok
Tags International impact, Reviewed
Changed by Changed by: Mgr. Michal Petr, učo 65024. Changed: 18/11/2021 12:39.
Abstract
Current approaches to optimism accentuate its many different aspects: dispositional optimism (Scheier, & Carver, 2002), defensive pessimism (Norem, & Cantor, 1989), unrealistic optimism (Weinstein, 1980) and hope (Snyder, 1994). The aims of the research (supported by GACR, no. 13-19808S) were to design a model of optimism/pessimism using the dimensions of dispositional optimism, defensive pessimism, unrealistic optimism and hope, and to determine the degree of conceptual overlap between optimism and hope. We collected data from 1,774 respondents (men 33.3%, women 66.7 %) at the age from 15 to 79 (m 33.5, SD 15.8, med 27). Following measures were used: the Defensive Pessimism Questionnaire (DPQ), the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) and Unrealistic Optimism Scale. We created three models and evaluated them using confirmatory factor analysis. The first model was first order factor analysis model with correlated factors represented by individual measures. The second model implemented a second order factor of general optimism. The third model used two second order correlated factors - optimism and hope. We consider model three as the best suited both statistically and for interpretation. Our model corresponds to Snyder’s concept (in Chang, 2002), who views his construct of hope more actively and specifically in comparison to optimism. Optimism focuses more broadly on the expected quality of future outcomes in general.
Links
GA13-19808S, research and development projectName: Chování zdraví podporující a zdraví ohrožující: determinanty, modely a konsekvence
Investor: Czech Science Foundation, Standard Projects
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