JONASSON, S, J ERIKSSON, L BERNTZON, Zdeněk SPÁČIL, LL ILAG, LO RONNEVI, U RASMUSSEN and B BERGMAN. Transfer of a cyanobacterial neurotoxin within a temperate aquatic ecosystem suggests pathways for human exposure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. WASHINGTON: National Academy of Sciences, 2010, vol. 107, No 20, p. 9252-9257. ISSN 0027-8424. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0914417107.
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Basic information
Original name Transfer of a cyanobacterial neurotoxin within a temperate aquatic ecosystem suggests pathways for human exposure
Authors JONASSON, S, J ERIKSSON, L BERNTZON, Zdeněk SPÁČIL, LL ILAG, LO RONNEVI, U RASMUSSEN and B BERGMAN.
Edition Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, WASHINGTON, National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 0027-8424.
Other information
Original language English
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
Impact factor Impact factor: 9.771
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0914417107
UT WoS 000277822600043
Keywords in English beta-methylamino-L-alanine; Baltic Sea; cyanobacteria; liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry; bioaccumulation
Changed by Changed by: PharmDr. Zdeněk Spáčil, Ph.D., učo 238088. Changed: 29/9/2017 13:53.
Abstract
beta-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), a neurotoxic nonprotein amino acid produced by most cyanobacteria, has been proposed to be the causative agent of devastating neurodegenerative diseases on the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean. Because cyanobacteria are widespread globally, we hypothesized that BMAA might occur and bioaccumulate in other ecosystems. Here we demonstrate, based on a recently developed extraction and HPLC-MS/MS method and long-term monitoring of BMAA in cyanobacterial populations of a temperate aquatic ecosystem (Baltic Sea, 2007-2008), that BMAA is biosynthesized by cyanobacterial genera dominating the massive surface blooms of this water body. BMAA also was found at higher concentrations in organisms of higher trophic levels that directly or indirectly feed on cyanobacteria, such as zooplankton and various vertebrates (fish) and invertebrates (mussels, oysters). Pelagic and benthic fish species used for human consumption were included. The highest BMAA levels were detected in the muscle and brain of bottom-dwelling fishes. The discovery of regular biosynthesis of the neurotoxin BMAA in a large temperate aquatic ecosystem combined with its possible transfer and bioaccumulation within major food webs, some ending in human consumption, is alarming and requires attention.
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