PB001 Introduction to Information Technologies

Faculty of Informatics
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (plus extra credits for completion). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
prof. RNDr. Luděk Matyska, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Eva Hladká, Ph.D. (lecturer)
RNDr. Lukáš Ručka (assistant)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Luděk Matyska, CSc.
Department of Computer Systems and Communications - Faculty of Informatics
Supplier department: Department of Computer Systems and Communications - Faculty of Informatics
Thu 16:00–17:50 D3
Prerequisites (in Czech)
! PB002 Foundations of IT && ! NOW ( PB002 Foundations of IT )
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 61 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
To provide basic orientation in the information technology fields is the main goal of this lecture. Not only hardware and software is discussed, but the social extent is covered as well.
The graduate will be able to understand function of simple computer systems.
Graduate will be also able to understand and explain relationship between components of more complex computer systems.
Graduate will be also able to analyze and explain behavior of operating systems, computer networks etc. from the user point of view.
Graduate will be able to analyze and evaluate ethical implications of his own work.
Learning outcomes
At the end of this course student will have basic orientation in computer and information technologies and their design. Specifically, she will understand basic principles of computer and computer systems design, she will be acquainted with principles of programming and specific constructs like interruption, synchronization, input/output. She will know basic principles of design of operating systems that are used as an example of complex computer systems; she will know what API is.
He will also get basic overview and orientation in computer networks an computer graphics.
The graduate will also get basic orientation in ethics and professional context and she will also be able to comment societal impacts of computer technology.
  • Computer and communication system, role of components (architecture, operating systems, computer networks), applications.
  • Social and ethical dimension of IT.
  • Computer architecture, data representation, von Neumann model, basic machine organization.
  • Role of operating systems, history, functionality of a typical contemporary OS.
  • Design principles, efficiency, robustness, flexibility, compatibility, ...
  • Influence of requirements of security, networking, graphical interfaces, ...
  • OS structure (monolithic, layered, modular, micro-kernel).
  • Abstraction, processes, resources, application interfaces.
  • I/O devices and their management, drivers.
  • Protection, system and user space, kernel.
  • Networks, their history, Internet, fundamentals of network architecture, distributed systems.
  • Protocols, multimedia systems, distributed computing, mobile and wireless computing.
  • Basics of Human-Computer interaction, graphical systems.
  • Social context of IT, Information society, New economics.
  • Internet, grows, management, international issues.
  • Professional and ethical responsibility, basic laws (personal data protections, digital signature, ...). Ethic codes, professional bodies, organizational's "Acceptable use policy".
  • KAIN, Richard Y. Advanced computer architecture :a systems design approach. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1996. xvii, 907. ISBN 0-13-007741-0. info
  • SINGHAL, Mukesh, Yoshiaki SHIRAI and Niranjan G. SHIVARATRI. Advanced concepts in operating systems : distributed, database, and multiprocessor operating systems. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994. xxii, 522. ISBN 0-07-057572-X. info
  • PETERSON, Larry L. and Bruce S. DAVIE. Computer networks :a systems approach. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1996. xxiii, 552. ISBN 1-55860-368-9. info
  • J. Kurose, K. Ross: Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach Featuring the Internet, Addison-Wesley, 2000
  • HWANG, Kai and Faye A. BRIGGS. Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1984. 846 s. ISBN 0070315566. info
Teaching methods
Lecture, no homework nor drills.
Assessment methods
No evaluated home work or drills. Only final exam after all the lectures read (12 questions/subject that must be explicitly answered/discussed, 150 points in total; length of examination is 90 minutes)
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2002, Autumn 2003, Autumn 2004, Autumn 2005, Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, Autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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