bp1887 Biophysics

Faculty of Sports Studies
Spring 2020
Extent and Intensity
2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
doc. Ing. Jana Kolářová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Ing. Vratislav Harabiš (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. Ing. Jana Kolářová, Ph.D.
Department of Health Promotion - Faculty of Sports Studies
Supplier department: Department of Health Promotion - Faculty of Sports Studies
Timetable
Fri 6. 3. 9:00–12:00 SE4.166, 13:00–15:25 SE4.166, Fri 20. 3. 9:00–12:00 SE4.166, 13:00–15:25 SE4.166, Fri 3. 4. 9:00–12:00 SE4.166, 13:00–15:25 SE4.166, Fri 17. 4. 9:00–12:00 SE4.166, 13:00–15:25 SE4.166
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
At the end of the course students should be able to: understand the principles of devices used in medicine with special emphasis on the area of physical therapy; identify possible risks which are connected with the use of some medical devices (with mechanical, electromagnetic or light character, ioniising radiation); define principles of safe use of these devices both for patients and for medical staff; understand physical principles of some physiological processes (blood circulation, respiration, origin of membrane potentials; apply basic biophysical knowledge on biophysics of sensory organs; orientate in the areas of information theory as well as medical infomatics.
Syllabus
  • Introduction. Biophysical view on structure of matter.
  • Biological effects of ionising radiation.
  • Thermodynamic laws and entropy, thermodynamic processes in living organisms.
  • Introduction into molecular biophysics (object of study and methods of study).
  • Biophysics of biological membranes. Bioelectric phenomena.
  • Biophysics of cardiovascular system.
  • Biophysics of respiratory system.
  • Biophysical function of sensory receptors. Biophysics of hearing and vision.
  • Effects of mechanical forces and acoustic fields on living systems.
  • Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and non-ionising radiation.
  • Introduction into biocybernetics and modelling.
  • Medical devices. Biosignals and their processing.
  • Conventional X-ray imaging methods.
  • Modern tomographic methods (CT, MRI).
  • Diagnostic methods using radionuclides.
  • Methods and devices for radiotherapy.
  • Measurement of temperature.
  • Optical laboratory devices.
  • Optical diagnostic devices.
  • Electrodiagnostic methods.
  • Ultrasound imaging, Doppler and combined methods.
  • Measurement of mechanical quantities.
  • Methods and devicas for physical therapy.
  • Modern physical methods used in surgery. Lithotripsy.
  • Devices for substitution and support of body organs.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • HRAZDIRA, Ivo, Vojtěch MORNSTEIN and Jiřina ŠKORPÍKOVÁ. Základy biofyziky a zdravotnické techniky. 1. vydání. Brno: Neptun, 2006. 312 stran. ISBN 8086850013. info
Teaching methods
Lectures and laboratory measurements with demonstrations
Assessment methods
Oral exam based on pre-defined set of questions. Credit for practicals can be obtained after handing in of all measurement records and after satisfactory solution of a simple multichoice test.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
Study Materials
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Spring 2018, Spring 2019, spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/fsps/spring2020/bp1887