# PdF:FC2001 Theoretical Physics 2 - Quantu - Course Information

## FC2001 Theoretical Physics 2 - Quantum and Statistical Physics

**Faculty of Education**

Autumn 2023

**Extent and Intensity**- 2/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).

Taught in person. **Teacher(s)**- doc. RNDr. Petr Sládek, CSc. (lecturer)

PhDr. Jan Válek, Ph.D. (assistant) **Guaranteed by**- doc. RNDr. Petr Sládek, CSc.

Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education – Faculty of Education

Contact Person: Jana Jachymiáková

Supplier department: Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education – Faculty of Education **Timetable of Seminar Groups**- FC2001/Kombi01: Fri 6. 10. 16:00–19:50 učebna 3, Fri 8. 12. 12:00–15:50 učebna 3,
*P. Sládek*

FC2001/Prez01: Wed 18:00–19:50 učebna 3,*P. Sládek* **Prerequisites**- Theoretical Physics 1
**Course Enrolment Limitations**- The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.

**fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with**- there are 13 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
**Course objectives**- The aim of this course is to obtain a clear knowledge foundations of quantum physics and statistical physics. Emphasis is placed on the logical construction of the science disciplines and to acquire knowledge needed for the follow-up lectures covering topics solids.
**Learning outcomes**- After completing the course the student should know: Basic thematic laws: quantum and statistical physics. Describe simple thought experiments and the relationship of the subject matter to practical applications. Calculate simple application examples.
**Syllabus**- I. Quantum mechanics. Experimental assumptions of quantum mechanics, the key experiments. Basic principles of quantum mechanics, their physical interpretation and the most important consequences. The concept of the state quantum and classical mechanics, time evolution of the state equations of motion and their importance in physical theory. Operators, Schrödinger's equation. Physical quantities in quantum mechanics, their measurements, uncertainties session. Wave-particle dualism and its physical interpretation, deBroglie's wave, wave clue. Classically inexplicable macroscopic phenomena, manifestations of macroscopic quantum properties of microbjects. Free particles. Reflection and pass the potential barrier. Harmonic oscillator (classical and quantum description), anihilation and creation operators. The most important applications. Hydrogen atom, multiple elektron states. Spin. Zeeman's phenomenon. The principle of the identity of particles, the Pauli's exclusion principle.
- II. Statistical physics Methods of study macroscopic bodies, thermodynamics and statistical approach. The possibility of microscopic description of macroscopic bodies, the functions of a division, time and statistical středování, associated with description of thermodynamics. The statistical distribution, statistical sum, entropy, enthalpy and free energy. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, physical importance of limits, the correlation between applications. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein statistics, the importance of physical, examples of its use.

**Literature**- L. SKALA: Uvod do kvantove mechaniky, Academia, Praha 2005
- ČULÍK, F., NOGA, M. : Úvod do štatistickej fyziky a termodynamiky. ALFA/SNTL, Bratislava/Praha, 1982.
- KREMPASKÝ, J.:Fyzika. ALFA/SNTL, Bratislava/ Praha 1982.

*required literature*- LITZMANN, O., ŠEBELOVÁ, I. : Statistická fyzika pro posluchače učitelství F-Zt. Skriptum PřF UJEP Brno, 1987.
- LITZMANN, O., DUB, P. : Kvantová mechanika. Skriptum MU, Brno 198 .
- BEISER, A. : Úvod do moderní fyziky. Academia, Praha 1978.
- FEYNMAN. Richard P., LEIGHTON, Robert B., SANDS, Matthew : Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky. FRAGMENT Praha, 2000. 710 s. ISBN 80-7200-405-0.
- HALLIDAY, David, RESNICK, Robert, WALKER, Jearl : Fyzika. VUTIUM Brno a PROMETHEUS Praha, 2000. 574 s. ISBN 80-214-1868-0 (VUTIUM), ISBN 81-7196-9 (PROMETHEUS).

*not specified***Teaching methods**- lectures
**Assessment methods**- oral exam of 20-30 minutes
**Language of instruction**- Czech
**Further comments (probably available only in Czech)**- Study Materials

The course is taught annually.

Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 8 hodin.

- Enrolment Statistics (recent)

- Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2023/FC2001