FC2012 Astronomy and Astrophysics for teachers

Faculty of Education
Autumn 2023
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Taught in person.
Mgr. Tomáš Miléř, Ph.D. (lecturer)
PhDr. Mgr. Michaela Drexler (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Tomáš Miléř, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education – Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Jana Jachymiáková
Supplier department: Department of Physics, Chemistry and Vocational Education – Faculty of Education
Timetable of Seminar Groups
FC2012/Kombi01: Fri 22. 9. 16:00–19:50 laboratoř 86, Fri 29. 9. 10:00–13:50 laboratoř 86, T. Miléř
FC2012/Prez01: Tue 12:00–13:50 učebna 3, T. Miléř
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 10 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to obtain a basic knowledge of astronomy and astrophysics at the university level. The course focuses on the logical structure of the discipline and on the knowledge and practical skills needed for teaching physics at the primary school. For these reasons the related exercise is based on the tasks with an emphasis on the relationship of the topic to practice, nature, technical applications etc.
Learning outcomes
After completing the course the student should know and know: • Systematize physical knowledge of astronomy and astrophysics • apply such knowledge in didactic transformation of content into school curriculum, • address the problems of astronomy and astrophysics in wider and interdisciplinary contexts.
  • 1. Introduction to the History of Astronomy
  • 2. Astronomical instruments, types of telescopes assembly
  • 3. Solar system, the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, tidal forces, Sun and Moon eclipse, solar system cosmogony
  • 4. astronomical forcings on the Earth's climate, sunlight, Milanković theory, cosmic rays
  • 5. Day and night sky, constellations, the ecliptic, spherical coordinates, practical use of a sky map and nomograms
  • 6. Sundial, gnomon, analemma, the equation of time
  • 7. Determination of a cosmic distance, distance units, parallax historical methods (Aristarchus, transition of Venus), the method of novae and supernovae, measurement of angular distance
  • 8. Star Characteristics, Pogson's equations H-R diagram Spectral classification of stars
  • 9. Stars, stars, models, developmental stages of stars, novae, supernovae
  • 10. Development of the stars in tight binaries
  • 11. Galaxy, Stellar populations and their characteristics
  • 12. Basics of cosmology, the Hubble law
    required literature
  • VANÝSEK, Vladimír. Základy astronomie a astrofyziky. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia. 541 s. 1980. URL info
  • ŠTEFL, Vladimír. Vybrané kapitoly z astrofyziky. Vyd. 1. Brno: Rektorát UJEP. 81 s. 1985. info
    recommended literature
  • ZEJDA, Miloslav. Základy astronomie I (Elements of astronomy I). 2013. info
  • ZEJDA, Miloslav. Základy astronomie II (Elements of astronomy II). 2013. info
  • ŠIROKÝ, Jaromír and Miroslava ŠIROKÁ. Základy astronomie v příkladech. Vyd. 1. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství. 156 s. 1966. info
Teaching methods
lectures and exercises
Assessment methods
written test, solution of numerical tasks
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 8 hodin.
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, autumn 2020, Autumn 2021, Autumn 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/ped/autumn2023/FC2012