Ze0108 The Atmosphere and Hydrosphere of the Earth

Faculty of Education
Spring 2023
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
RNDr. Jiří Jakubínský, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PaedDr. Eduard Hofmann, CSc. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Veronika Korvasová (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
doc. PaedDr. Eduard Hofmann, CSc.
Department of Geography - Faculty of Education
Contact Person: Kateřina Brabcová
Supplier department: Department of Geography - Faculty of Education
each odd Thursday 8:00–9:50 učebna 1
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
Ze0108/01: each odd Thursday 12:00–13:50 učebna 24, J. Jakubínský, V. Korvasová
Ze0108/02: each odd Tuesday 8:00–9:50 učebna 50, J. Jakubínský, V. Korvasová
Ze0108/03: each odd Thursday 14:00–15:50 učebna 37, J. Jakubínský, V. Korvasová
The basic knowledge from the high school climatology and hydrology is assumed as satisfactory as well as basics from the terminology used in these subjects.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The course is designed as a basic course for students, which aims to introduce the students in the form of frontal education into basic terminology and facts from climatology, meteorology and hydrology. Students will acquire a comprehensive overview of atmospheric and hydrosphere properties to understand the processes of mass and energy transport. The links between the elements of both geospheres are emphasized, the content and meaning of key concepts are discussed. In meteorology, the emphasis is placed on the understanding of atmospheric motion mechanisms that influence weather patterns. Climatology focuses on the classification of the climate, its changes in the past and the ongoing changes. The teaching of hydrology is oriented to the classification of water objects, dynamic processes and the role of water in the landscape. Learning outcomes will help students formulate attractive lessons in their future workplaces and present them as important knowledge for the needs of everyday life. The lessons will be in the form of regular weekly lectures in the form of lectures, which will be complemented by a practically oriented seminar related to the search for data on climate and waters of interest regions and their purposeful evaluation.
Learning outcomes
After the course the student will be able to: • Use the basic concepts of meteorology, climatology and hydrology. • Describe the main static and dynamic properties of the atmosphere and the hydrosphere and to assess their importance for human society. • Explain the planetary circulation of air and water. • Explain the principles of water flow patterns and classify water objects. • Work with a synoptic, climatic and water management map. • Transform expertise in meteorology, climatology and hydrogeology into attractive lessons demonstrating the practical use of knowledge in everyday life.
  • 1. Meteorology and climatology as scientific fields, climate-forming factors, climate categories, meteorological measurements and observations 2. Atmosphere - chemical and physical properties of the atmosphere 3. Solar radiation in the system earth's surface - atmosphere 4. Air temperature and humidity, change with height and time. 5. Atmospheric pressure, pressure measurement, baric field, baric gradient, pressure formations, wind 6. Atmospheric fronts, air masses, types and manifestations of atmospheric fronts 7. Planetary circulation of the atmosphere, circulation of tropical and extratropical latitudes 8. Weather Forecasts 9. Climate classification, Köppen and Alisov climate classification 10. Climate changes and fluctuations, causes, assumptions of further development 11. Definition and breakdown of hydrology, water supply and circulation on Earth 12. Units of measurement of runoff, water runoff from the basin, shape and development of the river network 13. Regime of water conditions and flows, temperature conditions and ice phenomena of rivers, runoff 14. Types of subsurface waters 15. Types of lakes, temperature conditions and ice phenomena 16. World ocean, physical and chemical properties of ocean water
    recommended literature
  • 6. NETOPIL, Rostislav, BRÁZDIL, Rudolf, DEMEK, Jaromír. Fyzická geografie. D. 1. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1984. 272 s.,
  • STRAHLER, Alan H. and Arthur Newell STRAHLER. Introducing physical geography. 4th ed. Hoboken, N.J.: J. Wiley, 2006. xxv, 728. ISBN 047167950X. info
  • KOPÁČEK, Jaroslav and Jan BEDNÁŘ. Jak vzniká počasí. Vyd. 1. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, nakladatelství Karolinum, 2005. 226 s. ISBN 8024610027. info
  • CHÁBERA, Stanislav and Roman KÖSSL. Základy fyzické geografie : (přehled hydrogeografie). 1. vyd. České Budějovice: Jihočeská univerzita, 1999. 159 s. ISBN 8070403489. info
  • MULLER, Peter O. and Harm Jan DE BLIJ. Physical geography of the global environment. 2nd ed. New York: John Willey and Sons, 1996. 599 s. ISBN 0471039179. info
  • BRÁZDIL, Rudolf. Nové aspekty současného globálního oteplování (New aspects of the present global warming). Sborník ČGS. Praha: ČGS, 1994, vol. 99, No 3, p. 215-219. ISSN 0231-5300. info
  • KUKAL, Zdeněk. Základy oceánografie. 2. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1990. 590 s. ISBN 8020003134. info
    not specified
  • THURMAN, Harold V. and Alan P. TRUJILLO. Oceánografie : [tajemný svět moří a oceánů]. Translated by Adam Petrusek. Vyd. 1. Praha: Computer Press, 2005. viii, 479. ISBN 8025103536. info
  • Meteorologie a klimatologie pro geografy. Edited by Miroslav Vysoudil. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Vydavatelství University Palackého, 1997. 232 s. ISBN 8070677732. info
Teaching methods
Lessons and exercises.
Assessment methods
The course ends with a written exam covering the subject matter discussed in lectures and seminars. During the semester, it is necessary to pass 2 intermediate tests (an online answer sheet, necessary to obtain at least 60 % of the points in total), to prepare a term paper on a given topic, to prepare 4 exercises. Attendance at the seminars is mandatory (possibility of one unexcused absence). Before participating in the final exam, it is necessary to have all exercises and semester work approved (marks A-E).
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
Teacher's information
The course will be led by RNDr. Jiri Jakubinsky, PhD.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021, Spring 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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