FJIA023a Lexicology and lexicography

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
doc. PhDr. Alena Polická, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. PhDr. Petr Dytrt, Ph.D.
Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts
Supplier department: Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts
Tue 10:00–11:40 J22
Prerequisites (in Czech)
FJIA016 Practical French IV
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course of French lexicology and lexicography is to make students acquainted with the backgrounds of lexcial variation and with an actual (and historical) dictionnary production. Students should be able to define basic terms of a lexicology. When analyzing particular texts and exercises, he or she should be able to apply these terms and deduce from the observed phenomena the proper conclusions about the typology and dynamics of vocabulary and about the caracteristics of French dictionnaries. At the end of this course, students will be able to deduce and explain the rules of basic lexicological phenomena and to use effectively French dictionary resources.
Learning outcomes
Upon completion of the course the student will be able to:
- identify lexical relations and describe them in terms of the analysis of the components of a linguistic sign;
- classify and critically access dictionaries and search there for relevant information, navigate through metalinguistic tags;
- understand the basic search features of language corpora, understanding their benefits and shortcomings;
- describe the basic principles of lexical changes in language.
  • Synchronic approach – presentation of the categories of lexical semantic description (synonymy, antonymy, polysemy, homonymy, etc.)
  • Diachronic approach – classification of semantic shifts.
  • Regional, generational, social and stylistic variation.
  • Emphasizing the practical importance of lexicological research for the quality of lexicographical production.
  • Characteristics of French dictionaries.
  • Special attention will be devoted to the problem of the word as a unit of description of language, due to its limited phonetic and syntactic autonomy.
    not specified
  • PICOCHE, Jacqueline. Précis de lexicologie francaise : L etude et l enseignement du vocabulaire. Paris: Nathan, 1992. 191 s. ISBN 2-09-190547-X. info
  • OSTRÁ, Růžena. Structure onomasiologique du travail en français : (etude diachronique d'un champ conceptuel). Vyd. 1. Brno: Universita J.E. Purkyně, 1974. 124 s. URL info
  • OSTRÁ, Růžena. Le champ conceptuel du travail dans les langues romanes domaines français, espagnol et roumain. 1966. 179 s. info
  • DUCHÁČEK, Otto. Précis de sémantique française. Vyd. 1. Brno: Universita J.E. Purkyně, 1967. 260 s. URL info
  • DUCHÁČEK, Otto. Le champ conceptuel de la beauté en français moderne. Vyd. 1. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1960. 215 s. URL info
  • GADET, Françoise. La variation sociale en français. Paris: Ophrys, 2003. info
  • MORTUREUX, Marie-Françoise. La lexicologie entre langue et discours. [Paris]: Armand Colin, 2001. 191 s. ISBN 2200252560. info
Teaching methods
Application of theoretical knowledge on authentic texts. During their presentations students show their ability to interconnect on their own their lexicographical knowledge and practical analysis of specific occurrences.
Assessment methods
Credit – fulfilling weekly tasks, working on semestral project, short final test. Lecture and seminar attendance is mandatory (80%).
Language of instruction
Follow-Up Courses
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Information about innovation of course.
This course has been innovated under the project "Faculty of Arts as Centre of Excellence in Education: Complex Innovation of Study Programmes and Fields at FF MU with Regard to the Requirements of the Knowledge Economy“ – Reg. No. CZ.1.07/2.2.00/28.0228, which is cofinanced by the European Social Fond and the national budget of the Czech Republic.

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The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, Autumn 2021.
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