PHDZ1 Philosophy for doctoral studies 1

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
0/0/0. 10 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught in person.
Teacher(s)
doc. Mgr. Radim Bělohrad, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Radim Brázda, Dr. (lecturer)
prof. PhDr. Josef Krob, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Marek Picha, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. PhDr. Daniel Špelda, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. PhDr. Josef Krob, CSc.
Department of Philosophy - Faculty of Arts
Contact Person: doc. PhDr. Marek Picha, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Philosophy - Faculty of Arts
Prerequisites
Ability to pass the final test in Czech or English.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 214 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to acquaint students with selected philosophical approaches, topics and problems that may be relevant to their partial research focus. Emphasis is placed on the general methodological and ethical requirements of research in the humanities.
Learning outcomes
Students will learn the typical procedures of philosophical reasoning and its limits. At the end of this course students will by acquainted with basic framework, which enables them to identify the general methodological and critical qualities of academic writing, regardless of its topic. Students' sensitivity to such phenomena has a direct effect on the production and evaluation of their own texts, typically dissertations.
Syllabus
  • 1) Science and pseudoscience, philosophy and pseudophilosophy
    Based on several examples from the real operation of science, the lecture presents possible pitfalls of creating a professional text, comments on the main principles and methods of its construction and points out the main parameters of the creation of scientific theories.

    2) Doubt as a method
    The aim of the lecture is to introduce skepticism as one of the traditional ways of philosophical thinking. In short: what is philosophical skepticism, what are the reasons for the emergence of a skeptical attitude, what are the principles, forms and possible consequences of philosophical skepticism. The lecture is divided into two parts: a) the history of the concept of skepticism and the line of development of skeptical thinking from antiquity to the present, b) skeptical thinking in action - Pyrrhonic and interimistic skepticism in the practical philosophy of Odo Marquard.

    3) How to argue ideally
    The lecture is focused on the evaluation of arguments. We will show the ideal form of rational persuasion, sequence, rules and assumptions of acceptable persuasive practices. And their disorders.

    4) How to approach knowledge of the past
    The lecture deals with the methodology of historical research in the field of history of philosophy, history of humanities, history of science, intellectual history, history of concepts and history of ideas. It defines the basic approaches (internalism / externalism; synchronous / diachronic approach) and draws attention to the dangers and pitfalls in the study of knowledge of the past (anachronisms, actualisations, whiggism).

    5) Research ethics
    The aim of the lecture is to introduce the fundamentals of research ethics relevant for research in the humanities and social sciences and outline the concept of research integrity to the students.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • Cesty k vědě : jak správně myslet a psát / Břetislav Horyna, Josef Krob (eds).
  • SEXTUS EMPIRICUS. Základy pyrrhonskej skepsy. Bratislava: Pravda, 1984. info
  • HORYNA, Břetislav. Filosofie skepse. 1. vyd. Olomouc: Nakladatelství Olomouc, 2008. 206 s. ISBN 9788071822684. info
Teaching methods
online lectures in Czech, study materials in English
Assessment methods
Course-unit credit is conditional on successful completion of the final electronic test, which will examine the knowledge of topic discussed in the given literature.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: in blocks.
Note related to how often the course is taught: 5 x za semestr.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 5x2 hodiny.
Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2006, Autumn 2007, Autumn 2008, Autumn 2009, Autumn 2010, Autumn 2011, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, Autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, Autumn 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2022, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/phil/autumn2022/PHDZ1