IJ2A101 Introduction to Vulgar Latin

Faculty of Arts
Autumn 2021
Extent and Intensity
1/1/0. 5 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught in person.
Mgr. Jana Mikulová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. Paolo Divizia, Dottore di Ricerca (alternate examiner)
Guaranteed by
doc. Paolo Divizia, Dottore di Ricerca
Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts
Supplier department: Department of Romance Languages and Literatures - Faculty of Arts
Tue 14. 9. 8:00–9:40 L21, Tue 21. 9. 8:00–9:40 L21, Tue 5. 10. 8:00–9:40 L21, Tue 12. 10. 8:00–9:40 L21, Tue 19. 10. 8:00–9:40 L21, Tue 26. 10. 8:00–9:40 L21
( IJ1A055 Bachelor's State Exam || IJIA028 Bachelor's State Exam ) && NOW ( IJ2A031 History of Italian I )
Knowledge of basic grammar and lexicon of classical Latin.
Students of the Master programme in Italian studies must attend in the very same semester also IJ2A031 History of Italian language I (which takes place in the second half of the semester, after the end of Introduction to Vulgar Latin / Úvod do lidové latiny).
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to provide insight into the development of Latin during first centuries of our era, and to point to tendencies related to the development of Romance languages. Thus, the course gives students the opportunity to observe with their own eyes unique story of the change and vitality of the language. The starting point for the observation of the development towards Romance languages is Classical Latin, the essentials of which were acquired by students in their previous studies.
Learning outcomes
At the end of the course students should be able to:
  • sketch development of Latin in the fields of phonetics, morphology, syntax and lexicon with emphasis on Vulgar and Late Latin;
  • show relation between selected Late Latin evolutionary tendencies and the development of the Romance languages (mainly Italian, and Spanish);
  • explain some basic principles related to the development of language and language changes.
  • Syllabus
    • Vulgar Latin:
    • Introduction.
    • Concepts of Vulgar and Late Latin and their definition.
    • Romanization and the Romance languages.
    • Changes in the vocalic and consonantic systems.
    • Nominal system: changes in declension, gradation of adjectives, changes in pronouns, origin of the article.
    • Theory of grammaticalization.
    • Verbal system: development of new forms (future, perfect), extinction of some classical forms, changes in verbal voice.
    • Syntax: accusative with infinitive, quod clauses, absolute constructions, indirect questions, word order.
    • Lexicon: semantic changes, Greek loan-words.
      required literature
    • HERMAN, József. Vulgar Latin. Edited by Roger Wright. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000. xiv, 130. ISBN 0271020016. info
    • PATOTA, Giuseppe. Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano. Bologna: Il Mulino, 2002. 209 s. ISBN 8815086382. info
      recommended literature
    • OSTRÁ, Růžena. Přehled vývoje románských jazyků. Vyd. 1. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1980. 130 s. info
    • TAGLIAVINI, Carlo. Le origini delle lingue neolatine. Bologna, 1969. info
    • MIKULOVÁ, Jana. Základní kurz latiny. 2. díl. (Basic Course of Latin. Volume 2.). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2013. 190 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-6499-7. Digitální knihovna FF MU info
    • MIKULOVÁ, Jana. Základní kurz latiny I (Basic Course of Latin I). 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2014. 402 pp. ISBN 978-80-210-7039-4. Digitální knihovna FF MU info
    • BILÍKOVÁ, Eva. Přehled latinské mluvnice : [pomůcka při výuce latiny]. Brno: MC nakladatelství, 1999. 63 s. info
      not specified
    • MARAZZINI, Claudio. La lingua italiana : profilo storico. 3a ed. Bologna: Mulino, 2002. 553 s. ISBN 9788815086754. info
    • Luca Serianni, Prima lezione di storia della lingua italiana, Bari, Laterza, 2015
    • BRUNI, Francesco. L'italiano letterario nella storia. Bologna: Mulino, 2002. 229 s. ISBN 9788815113757. info
    • BRUNI, Francesco. L'italiano : elementi di storia della lingua e della cultura. Torino: UTET Università, 1984. x, 527. ISBN 9788877501523. info
    Teaching methods
    Lectures, work with selected examples taken from Late Latin texts - identification of selected language changes.
    Assessment methods
    Evaluation Written test from Classical Latin and oral examination from Vulgar Latin. In the Classical Latin test, students are required to identify, translate and form verbal and nominal forms and translate short sentences from Latin to Czech (list of required grammar is found in the study materials). Students can use vocabulary and grammar tables.
    In the oral examination, students are asked to describe basic evolutional tendencies that started in Latin and continued to the romance languages. The questions are based on topics covered in lectures or found in the publication Vulgar Latin by J. Herman. Students have some time to prepare their answers.
    Language of instruction
    Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
    Study Materials
    Information on completion of the course: .
    The course is taught annually.
    Listed among pre-requisites of other courses
    Teacher's information
    Teaching will be organized into 2 seminar groups by language. In the first half of the semester, the lessons will be shared by all groups under the guidance of dr. Mikulová, in the second half of the semester students are divided into seminar groups according to their field of study.

    IT: For the students of Italian studies, the second half of the semester has its own course code. Thus, it is necessary to enrol in IJ2A031 "History of Italian language I" in the very same semester as IJ2A101 "Úvod do lidové latiny".
    The course is also listed under the following terms Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, Autumn 2022.
    • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2021, recent)
    • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/phil/autumn2021/IJ2A101