Bi4340 Human biology

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2022
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Taught online.
doc. RNDr. Eva Drozdová, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
doc. RNDr. Eva Drozdová, Ph.D.
Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: doc. RNDr. Eva Drozdová, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Experimental Biology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Mon 8:00–9:50 B11/305
This course is primarily designed for students of teaching biology and for students of profesional biology.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 28 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
At the end of this course, students should be able to understand principles of evolution of Homo sapiens sapiens. Further, students will be introduced to human anatomy, human variability and to growth and development of an individuum.
Learning outcomes
The main aim of the course is to introduce students to problematic of Human biology insomuch they will be able to teach this problematic at secondary schools. The students will be introduced to problematic human evolution, human anatomy and human variation.
  • 1. Introduction to Anthropology Anthropology. Characteristics. Division. Usage. Problems.
  • 2. Human Evolution I Characteristics of subfamily Homininae. Characteristics of most important skeletal findings. Palaeoecological conditions. Characteristic anatomical and morphological traits of Australopithecines and Ardipithecus. Genera: A. afarensis, africanus, robustus, boisei, aethiopicus, Ardipithecus ramidus. Material culture. Nourishment of Hominids. Origin of Hominids. Were they human ancestors?
  • 3. Human Evolution II Genus Homo and its members. Homo habilis, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo heidelbergensis, Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, Homo sapiens sapiens. Most important skeletal findings, material culture and ecology. Human colonisation of America and Australia.
  • 4. Organization of Human body Tissues. Organ systems. Homeostasis.
  • 5. Digestion and nutrition Digestive system. Nutrition.
  • 6. Circulation Inner and outer environment in human organism. Cardiovascular system. Lymphatic system. Physiology of circulation. Disturbances of cardiovascular system.
  • 7. Respiration Respiratory tract. Mechanism of breathing. Inner and outer respiration. Respiration and health.
  • 8. Excretion Excretory substances. Excretory organs.
  • 9. Nervous system Neurons and impulse transmission. Peripheral nervous system. Central nervous system. Drug action.
  • 10. Musculo-skeletal system Bone tissue. Skull and postcranial skeleton. Skeletal joints. Muscles, anatomy and function.
  • 11. Senses Receptors. Skin. Muscles and joints. Special receptors. Photoreceptor - the eye. Mechanoreceptor - the ear.
  • 12. Human reproduction Sexual dimorphism. Reproductive system - men, women. Monogamy, polyandry. Family as a social institution.
  • 13. Individual development of organism Growth and development of human organism. Prenatal development (changes in embryonal and fetal period). Postnatal development (changes in growth and development together with changes in psychic and mental rise). Adulthood.
  • 14. Variability and adaptability Causes of human variability and its displays. Physiological adaptations. Genetic adaptations. Models and examples.
  • 15. Contemporary humankind and its future Population growth. Children mortality. Main causes of mortality. Epidemic diseases and natural selection. Changes of environment and natural selection. Continuing evolution: evidences from prehistory.
  • VANČATA, Václav and Jaroslav MALINA. Panoráma biologické a sociokulturní antropologie 13: Paleoantropologie - přehled fylogeneze člověka a jeho předků. Editor: Jaroslav Malina. Brno (CZ): Nadace Universitas Masarykiana v Brně, nakladatelství a vydavatelství Nauma v Brně, 2003. 212 pp. Modulové učební texty pro studenty antropologie. ISBN 80-210-3049-6. info
  • MADER, Sylvia S. Biology [Mader, 1998]. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1998. xxii, 944. ISBN 0-697-34080-5. info
  • MACHOVÁ, Jitka. Biologie člověka pro speciální pedagogy. 2. vyd. Praha: Karolinum, 1994. 263 s. ISBN 80-7066-980-2. info
  • BENEŠ, Jan. Člověk. In Člověk. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1994. ISBN 80-204-0460-0. info
  • MACHOVÁ, Jitka. Biologie člověka pro speciální pedagogy. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1993. 263 s. ISBN 8004237959. info
  • KLEMENTA, Josef. Somatologie a antropologie. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1981. 502 s. URL info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
The course is performed as lectures. Examination is organised as a writting test and oral examen.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
General note: Předmět je primárně určen studentům učitelské biologie, pro studenty ostatních oborů je určen předmět Bi5120 Antropologie přednášený v jarním semestru! Předmět není určen pro studenty lékařské fakulty!.
Teacher's information
The examination is conducted from two parts: written test and oral examination. The final evaluation consists from results of both parts of examination. Results of written test is sent to students by IS application note pad.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, Autumn 2011 - acreditation, spring 2012 - acreditation, Autumn 2012, Autumn 2013, Autumn 2014, Autumn 2015, Autumn 2016, autumn 2017, Autumn 2018, Autumn 2019, Autumn 2020, autumn 2021.
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