C6280 Environmental Chemistry III

Faculty of Science
Spring 2002
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 3 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: prof. RNDr. Ivan Holoubek, CSc.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Atmosphere, basic characteristics, contents, stratification of temperature, atmospheric aerosols, Air pollution, atmospheric reactions, examples, reactions with OH radicals. S, N, C, O in the atmosphere, forms of occurrence, biogenic and anthropogenic compounds. Acidification of the environment. Smog. Hydrosphere, basic characteristics, water and its properties, hydrological cycle. Water chemical reaction, chemical composition of water, Bottom sediments, water-sediment equilibrium, sedimentation, sorption on sediment surfaces. Self-purification of water, water pollution, primary, secondary. Pedosphere, origin, components, humus, genetic horizons, sorption capacity, weathering, transport and reactions of chemicals in soil. Soil pollution, primary, secondary, metals, nutrients, organic pollutants.
Syllabus
  • Atmosphere - basic characteristics - contents, stratification of temperature, atmospheric pressure, balance of energy, temperature, temperature gradients. Atmospheric aerosols - origin, contents, effects Mechanisms of atmospheric sinks. Air pollution, atmospheric reactions, examples, reactions with OH radicals. Sulphur in the atmosphere, forms of occurrence, biogenic and anthropogenic compounds, sulphur dioxide. Nitrogen in the atmosphere, forms of occurrence, mechanisms of NOx formation. Carbon, in the atmosphere, forms of occurrence, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, greenhouse effects, hydrocarbons. Ozone in the atmosphere, formation and destruction, ozone formation in lower troposhere, ozone layer, ozone depletion, effects of UV radiation. Hydrogen fluoride, lead, particulate matter, other examples of air pollutants. Acidification of the environment. Mechanisms of acidification. Effects of acidification on aquatic and terrestric ecosystems. Effects on human. Smog - photochemical, classical. Air acts, international air pollution convention. Hydrosphere, basic characteristics, water and its properties, hydrological cycle. Sensoric properties of water, conductivity, pH of water, redox potential, water solubility. Water chemical reaction, hydrolytical reactions, water equilibrium (protolytic, complex, solubilisation, redox) Chemical composition of water, inorganic ions, buffer and neutralisation capacity, radionuclides in water, organic compounds in water - phenols, humic compounds. Bottom sediments, water-sediment equilibrium, sedimentation, sorption on sediment surfaces. Self-purification of water, oxygen ration in water and basins, chemical and biochemical oxygen damage. Water pollution -primary, secondary. Water types - wastewater, atmospheric, ground, surface, drinking. Water pollution - examples - metals, radionuclides, eutrophication, organic pollutants in water - phenols, oil pollution, pesticides, detergents, halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons. Pedosphere - origin, components, humus, genetic horizons, sorption capacity, weathering, transport and reactions of chemicals in soil. Soil pollution - primary, secondary, metals, nutrients, organic pollutants.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is taught: every week.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2002, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/spring2002/C6280