Bi0260 Taxonomy and nomenclature

Faculty of Science
Spring 2005
Extent and Intensity
2/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: k (colloquium).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Karel Brabec, Ph.D. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
Mgr. Karel Brabec, Ph.D.
Department of Botany and Zoology - Biology Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: Mgr. Karel Brabec, Ph.D.
Timetable
Wed 9:00–10:50 01018
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
Taxonomy, systematics and nomenclature. Typological, nominalistic and biological species concept. Biological classification, taxonomic characters and their sorting, evaluation and coding. Polarity of characters, synapomorphy and symplesiomorphy, cladogram construction. Weighting of characters, optimalization, effect of missing characters and parsimony. Similarity and relationship. Rules of zoological nomenclature.
Syllabus
  • Zoological taxonomy and nomenclature 1. Taxonomy as a part of systematics, main methods and object of study. 2. History of taxonomy, local fauna and flora, classification, population systematics. 3. Basic terms: species, phenon, taxon, category, character, similarity and relation, monophyly. 4. Species concept (typological, nominalistic and biological), definition. 5. Species as a taxon. Polytypic species and its application, intraspecific categories, variety, dem, form, group. 6. Population taxonomy. Population structure and continuum, New Systematics, superspecies, fylogenetic taxonomy, anagenesis and cladogenesis, homology a homoplasy, paralelism, convergence and analogy. 7. Numerical phenetics. Principles, methodology, phenogram. 8. Difficulties in cladistic classification and consequences, weighting and anagenetic analysis. 9. Classical cladistics. Principles, methodology, character analysis (plesiomorphy, apomorphy, autapomorphy, polarity), cladograms. 10. Difficulties in cladistic classification and consequences, principle of holophyly. 11. Evolutionary classification. Model of phylogenesis, substrate of phylogenesis, evolutionary trends, grades and clades. 12. Zoological nomenclature. Criteria of validity, principle of coordination, homonymy and synonymy, types. Collections and identification.
Literature
  • HOUŠA, Václav and Pavel ŠTYS. Mezinárodní pravidla zoologické nomenklatury (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature). 3. vyd. Praha: Academia, 1988. 188 pp. ISBN 21-103-88. info
  • SCHUH, Randall T. Biological Systematics. Priciples and Applications. 1. vyd. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2000. 239 pp. ISBN 0-8014-3675-3. info
  • MINELLI, Alessandro. Biological systematics : the state of the art. 1st pub. London: Chapman & Hall, 1994. 387 s. ISBN 0412626209. info
  • KITSCHING, Jan J. and Peter L. et al. FOREY. Cladistics. The theory and practice of parsimony analysis. 2. vyd. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. 228 pp. ISBN 0 19 850138 2. info
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2005, recent)
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