C2022 Organic Chemistry I - Seminar

Faculty of Science
Spring 2013
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 2 credit(s) (fasci plus compl plus > 4). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
RNDr. Slávka Janků, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jaromír Literák, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Mgr. Jakub Švenda, PhD. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
RNDr. Slávka Janků, Ph.D.
Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Supplier department: Department of Chemistry - Chemistry Section - Faculty of Science
Timetable of Seminar Groups
C2022/01: Wed 11:00–12:50 A08/309, S. Janků
C2022/02: Wed 14:00–15:50 A08/309, S. Janků
C2022/03: Mon 12:00–13:50 A08/309, J. Literák
C2022/04: Mon 14:00–15:50 A08/309, J. Literák
C2022/05: Tue 14:00–15:50 A08/309, J. Švenda
C2022/06: Tue 16:00–17:50 A08/309, J. Švenda
Prerequisites
NOW ( C2021 Organic Chemistry I )|| C2021 Organic Chemistry I
Knowledge of general and inorganic chemistry.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
there are 15 fields of study the course is directly associated with, display
Course objectives
The aim of the special seminar is to exercise the topics introduced in lecture Organic Chemistry I on practical examples. Such a training facilitate preparation for the examination in Organic chemistry I.
Syllabus
  • Organic chemistry I Organic chemistry of the basic hydrocarbon skeletons. The subject of organic chemistry. Chemical bonds and bonding in organic molecules. Hybridization of the carbon atom, bonding energy, bond length, polarity of the chemical bond. Inductive and mesomeric effects on the chemical bonds, conjugation. General criteria of chemical reaction - reaction kinetics, reaction profiles and mechanism. Activation energy and enthalpy of the reaction. Chemical nomenclature. Alkanes and cycloalkanes, their chemical nomenclature. Chain isomerie, conformation analysis of alkanes and cycloalkanes (with stress on cyclohexane ring). Fused cyclic systems. Newmann projection. cis-trans Isomerism of cycloalkanes. Radical reactions as typical reactions of this system. Summary of radical reactions. Optical activity and symmetry of molecules. Chiral molecules, conditions of chirality. Methods of space objects presentation. Enantiomers, optical activity, specific rotation and its measurement, optical purity, racemic mixture. Molecules with more than one stereocenter. Cahn, Ingold, Prelog rules. Nomenclature of enantiomers. Meso compounds. Resolution of enantiomers. Alkenes, stereochemistry of double bond, cis-trans and E-Z nomenclature. Addition reactions, their summary with attention to the stereochemistry and mechanism. Polymerizations. Dienes and polyenes (cumulated, isolated, conjugated). Reactions of conjugated dienes, conditions and mechanism of 1,2- and 1,4-addition. Isoprenoides (monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, di-, tri- and tetraterpenes, carotenes). Electronic spectra and relation between the structure and its spectrum. Pericyclic reactions - electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions, the rules of their realization, sigmatropic rearrangements. Akynes and their structure. Properties of the triple bond, addition reactions (electrophilic and nucleophilic additions), acidity of the hydrogen atoms bound on sp- carbon, pK$_a$. The phenomenon of aromaticity and its properties. Nonbenzoid aromates (polycyclic aromates, annulenes, aromatic ions.} Mechanism of aromatic electrophilic substitution. Summary of electrophilic reactions, formation of electrophilic reagents. Effect of substituents on the reactivity and orientation. Hammet equation, sigma and rho constants. Ipso substitution. Nucleophilic substitution on the aromatic ring (SN1, SN2, elimination-addition mechanism). Conditions for addition reactions and reactions of oxidation. Substitution a other reactions on fused aromatic compounds.
Literature
  • Potáček, Milan - Mazal, Ctibor - Janků, Slávka. Řešené příklady z organické chemie. 1. vyd. Brno : Masarykova univerzita v Brně, 2005. 243 s. ISBN 80-210-2274-4. info
  • POTÁČEK, Milan and Eduard NOVÁČEK. Organická chemie : příručka řešených příkladů. Edited by Slávka Janků. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1997. 201 s. ISBN 8021016728. info
  • MCMURRY, John. Organická chemie. Translated by Jaroslav Jonas. Vyd. 1. Praha: Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická v Praze, 2007. 1 sv. ISBN 9788070806371. info
Teaching methods
class discussions upon the corresponding lecture topics
Assessment methods
During the course several tests is written and their good results are the conditions for credits obtaining.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2008 - for the purpose of the accreditation, Spring 2011 - only for the accreditation, Spring 2000, Spring 2001, Spring 2002, Spring 2003, Spring 2004, Spring 2005, Spring 2006, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Spring 2011, Spring 2012, spring 2012 - acreditation, Spring 2014, Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, spring 2018, Spring 2019, Spring 2020, Spring 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Spring 2013, recent)
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