MVZb2054 Politics and Foreign Policy of the Republic of Turkey

Fakulta sociálních studií
jaro 2020
Rozsah
2/0/0. 4 kr. Ukončení: z.
Vyučující
Mgr. et Mgr. Vladimír Bízik (přednášející)
Garance
PhDr. Petr Suchý, Ph.D.
Katedra mezinárodních vztahů a evropských studií - Fakulta sociálních studií
Kontaktní osoba: Olga Cídlová, DiS.
Dodavatelské pracoviště: Katedra mezinárodních vztahů a evropských studií - Fakulta sociálních studií
Rozvrh
Po 12:00–13:40 U42
Předpoklady
! MVZ254 Turkey Foreign Policy && ! NOW ( MVZ254 Turkey Foreign Policy )
Being able to read and understand English written academic texts, being able to follow lecturing and participate in English-language classes.
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.

Předmět si smí zapsat nejvýše 20 stud.
Momentální stav registrace a zápisu: zapsáno: 17/20, pouze zareg.: 0/20
Mateřské obory/plány
předmět má 15 mateřských oborů, zobrazit
Cíle předmětu
This course aims to provide students with knowledge on contemporary Turkish Republic, its political system, historical and social realities underpinning it; as well as its foreign policy, role in regional and global politics and transformations in this area. The course therefore concentrates on three general areas of interest:
1. Overview of the late-Ottoman empire roots of the Turkish republic, its inception and breakdown of the most significant historical transformations in the country and its society.
2. Description of Turkish political and legal institutions, their evolution and transformations to this day, its party system and main political actors.
3. Overview of Turkish foreign policy, its evolution, specifics, challenges; in the region and in the global arena.
Výstupy z učení
Successful students of this course will gain insight into the basic realities facing the state of the Turkish republic today and the path dependency that led to today’s situation. They will gain familiarity with the inception of modern Turkey, realities that brought about its initial existence and all the political, societal and legal circumstances that transpired between 1923 and the present day. Students will gain familiarity with the main political actors, political parties and with the main historical milestones, such as revised constitutions, military coups, and political parties gaining power and transforming the state. Students will also get familiar with Turkish foreign policy, its role in NATO, relationship with its neighbors and regional adversaries and allies. They will also be able to explain what historical circumstances brought about the present state of relations. Students will be familiar with the broad strokes of the evolution of Turkish foreign policy, its shifts of direction and possible domestic-policy underpinnings thereof.
Osnova
  • I. Introduction to the course; introduction to the subject matter: late Ottoman empire and conditions leading to the emergence of the Turkish republic, actors and founding principles
  • II. Overview of Turkish political history, main actors, parties, elections, constitutions, and historical milestones
  • III. Secularism, role of religion in the society
  • IV. Turkish nationalism, identity
  • V. Role of the military in politics and society, military coups
  • VI. The Kurdish Question
  • VII. Transformations in politics and society since 2002 to the present day, Justice and Development Party, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • VIII. History of Turkish foreign policy, pivots and main foreign policy objectives in a changing world
  • IX. The Cyprus conflict, relationship with Greece and other neighbors
  • X. Turkey and the European Union
  • XI. Turkey after July 2016 – constitutional changes, authoritarianism, new perspectives
  • XII. Final exam, discussion
Literatura
    povinná literatura
  • Mango, Andrew: "Atatürk." In The Cambridge History of Turkey: Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World, edited by Kasaba, Reşat, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 147-172. 26 pp.
  • Feroz, Ahmad: "Politics and political parties in Republican Turkey." In The Cambridge History of Turkey: Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World, edited by Kasaba, Reşat, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 226-265. 40 pp.
  • Özbudun, Edgun and Gençkaya. Ömer F. Democratization and the Politics of Constitution-Making in Turkey. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2009. 10-26. 17 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 60-80. 21 pp.
  • Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey. 2d ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1968. 401-424. 24 pp.
  • White, Jenny B.: "Islam and Politics in contemporary Turkey." In The Cambridge History of Turkey: Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World, edited by Kasaba, Reşat, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 357-380. 24 pp.
  • Grigoriadis, Ioannis N. Instilling Religion in Green and Turkish Nationalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 74-80. 7 pp.
  • Yavuz, Hakan M. Islamic Political Identity in Turkey. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. 265-274. 10 pp.
  • Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey. 2d ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1968. 352-361. 10 pp.
  • Çınar, Meral Uğur. Collective Memory and National Membership: Identity and Citizenship Models in Turkey and Austria. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 16-31. 16 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 19-37. 20 pp.
  • Keyman, Fuat E. and Gumuşçu, Şebnem. Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey: Hegemony Through Transformation. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 96-115. 20 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 107-126. 20 pp.
  • Feroz, Ahmad. Turkey: The Quest for Identity. Oxford: Oneworld, 2003. 163-166. 4 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 39-59. 21 pp.
  • Culbertson, Shelly. The Fires of Spring: A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through The Turbulent New Middle East. New York. St. Martin’s Press, 2016. 76-83. 8 pp.
  • Keyman, Fuat E. and Gumuşçu, Şebnem. Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey: Hegemony Through Transformation. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 70-95. 26 pp.
  • Eksi, Muharrem. The Rise and Fall of Soft Power in Turkish Foreign Policy During JDP: The Rise and Fall of the ‚Turkish Model‘ in the Muslim World. Saarbrücken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, 2016. 90-101. 12 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 127-145. 19 pp.
  • Dalay, Galip. How Ankara Came to Embrace a Policy of Selective Engagement. Middle East Observer. 2016. 3 pp.
  • Danforth, Nick. Turkey’s New Maps Are Reclaiming the Ottoman Empire. Foreign Policy. 2016. 5 pp.
  • Sönmezoglu, Faruk and Ayman, Gülden: The Roots of Conflict and the Dynamics of Change in Turkish-Greek Relations in: Kollias, Christos and Günlük-Şensen, Gülay: Greece and Turkey in the 21st Century. Hauupage: Nova Science, 2003. 37-46. 10 pp.
  • Atakol, Kenan. Thirty-Nine Years into the Cyprus Conflict. Mind and Human Interaction. 2003 (Volume 13). 11-18. 8 pp.
  • Bozdağlıoğlu, Yücel. Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A Constructivist Approach. New York & London: Routledge, 2003. 68-79. 12 pp.
  • Eralp, Nilgün Arısan and Eralp, Atila: What went Wrong in the Turkey-EU Relationship? in: Öktem, Kerem, Kadıoğlu, Ayşe and Karlı, Mehmet: Another Empire? Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2009. 163-180. 18 pp.
  • Waldman, Simon A. and Çalışkan, Emre. The ‚New Turkey‘ and Its Discontents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 11-18. 8 pp.
Výukové metody
Students will draw information from the required readings they must familiarize themselves with before each seminar; as well as from lectures that will be part of each class. The lecture and subsequent seminar with class discussion will assume knowledge of assigned literature but will provide alternate perspectives and additional information not included in the compulsory literature. Attendance is expected and each student should not miss more than two seminars. Absence from more seminars will only be excused when a formal note (such as a doctor’s note) is filed.
Metody hodnocení
At the end of the course, a final examination will be written, composed of multiple-choice and open questions. Students can gain a maximum of 55 points for the test. To meet the requirements to pass the course, students must gain at least 33 points. If necessary, students can re-sit the test in the examination period.
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
A detailed syllabus and other information will be provided at the beginning of the course.
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