DAL1LT01 Legal Theory Classics

Právnická fakulta
podzim 2024
0/0/0. 7 kr. Ukončení: k.
Vyučováno prezenčně.
doc. JUDr. Tomáš Sobek, Ph.D. (přednášející)
doc. JUDr. Mgr. Martin Škop, Ph.D. (přednášející)
doc. JUDr. Tomáš Sobek, Ph.D.
Kontaktní osoba: Mgr. Vendula Strnadová
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
The course "Legal Theory Classics" focuses on giving a detailed understanding of the central theories of general jurisprudence. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of contextual knowledge. Students will have the opportunity to become acquainted with the historical circumstances of these theories as well as their impact on the legal practice. The course will also deal with the primary sources of studied theories. In consequence, students get a realistic picture of their content without caricatures or simplifications. The main aim of the course is to teach students to work with classical texts of general jurisprudence with professional erudition and without prejudices.
Výstupy z učení
Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to: - know the main theories of general jurisprudence - know their historical circumstances and practical implications - use these theories in legal argumentation - apply methods of analytical jurisprudence - search for relevant textual sources - interpret these texts appropriately - analyze these texts critically but without prejudices
  • 1) Classical natural law theory (Thomas Aquinas) 2) Classical legal positivism (Bentham, Austin) 3) Modern legal positivism (Kelsen, Hart, Raz) 4) Revival of the natural law theory (Radbruch, Fuller, Finnis) 5) Theory of legal principles (Dworkin, Alexy) 6) Theory of justice (Aristotle, Rawls)
    doporučená literatura
  • FULLER, L. The Morality of Law: Revised Edition, Yale University Press (1969).
  • AUSTIN, J. The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832)
  • AQUINAS, T. Treatise on Law: Summa Theologica, Questions 90-97
  • BENTHAM, J. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1780)
  • HART, H. L. A. The Cocept of Law, Oxford 1961.
  • FINNIS, J. Natural Law and Natural Rights, Oxford 1980.
  • DWORKIN, R. Justice for Hedgehogs, Harvard 2011.
Výukové metody
reading, class discussion of text meaning
Metody hodnocení
an essay on a chosen topic
Vyučovací jazyk
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích podzim 2019, podzim 2020, podzim 2021, podzim 2022, podzim 2023.