FR004 Neionizující záření v zobrazovacích metodách - přednáška

Faculty of Science
Autumn 2019
Extent and Intensity
1/0/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
Teacher(s)
Mgr. Ing. Marek Dostál, Ph.D. (lecturer)
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc. (lecturer)
Guaranteed by
prof. RNDr. Vojtěch Mornstein, CSc.
Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Contact Person: Mgr. Dušan Hemzal, Ph.D.
Supplier department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics - Physics Section - Faculty of Science
Prerequisites
Basic course of university physics
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is offered to students of any study field.
Course objectives
The goal of the course is to understand theoretical principles of ultrasound diagnostics, including the Doppler methods, MR imaging (basic principles, understanding basic pulse sequences, their use in clinical practice), thermography, endoscopy and emerging imaging methods based on different principles. The emphasis is put on theoretical and technical aspects of the above specified imaging methods, as well as, the related safety questions for the patients and medical staff.
Learning outcomes
After completing the course student will be able to:
- explain theoretical principles of ultrasound diagnostics, including Doppler and combined metohods and elastography
- explain basic principles in MR imaging (up to basic pulse sequences), their use in clinical practice
- elucidate principles of thermography
- explain in an adequate extent basic methods of endoscopy and emerging imaging methods based on different principles
- understand the safety problems (besides the theoretical and technical knowledge) of the above mentioned imaging methods, both for the patients and medical staff.
Syllabus
  • Ultrasound imaging and Doppler methods
  • -Acoustic properties of tissues
  • -Ultrasoud and its sources
  • -A-,B- and M-mode imaging
  • -Doppler and combined methods
  • -Ultrasonic elastography
  • Basic principles of MRI:
  • -Origin and detection of the signal
  • -Space coding, k-space, image reconstruction
  • -Description of basic pulse sequences
  • -Advanced imaging methods
  • -Optimisation of pulse sequences in clinical practice - the physicist's point of view
  • -Image artifacts and their correction
  • Thermography (principles and clinical use)
  • Imaging methods in ophtalmology and endoscopy (an overview)
  • Emerging imaging methods (what is new)
Literature
    required literature
  • MORNSTEIN, Vojtěch. Lékařská fyzika a biofyzika. 1. vydání. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2018. 339 stran. ISBN 9788021089846. info
    recommended literature
  • doporučené přednášky
Teaching methods
lecture
Assessment methods
oral exam
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
Study Materials
Teacher's information
at a small number of students (1-2) a part of the course can have the form of tutorials
The course is also listed under the following terms Spring 2020, Autumn 2020.
  • Enrolment Statistics (Autumn 2019, recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.muni.cz/course/sci/autumn2019/FR004