TOMEŠ, Zdeněk. Liberalization and regulation in Central European railway markets. Uniwersytet Szczecinski Zeszyty Naukowe Nr 741 Problemy Transportu i Logistyki, Szczecin: Szczecin University, 2012, roč. 18, č. 1, s. 267-278. ISSN 1644-275X.
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Základní údaje
Originální název Liberalization and regulation in Central European railway markets
Autoři TOMEŠ, Zdeněk (203 Česká republika, garant, domácí).
Vydání Uniwersytet Szczecinski Zeszyty Naukowe Nr 741 Problemy Transportu i Logistyki, Szczecin, Szczecin University, 2012, 1644-275X.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Obor 50600 5.6 Political science
Stát vydavatele Polsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
Kód RIV RIV/00216224:14560/12:00071117
Organizační jednotka Ekonomicko-správní fakulta
Klíčová slova česky liberalizace; konkurence; železnice
Klíčová slova anglicky liberalization; competition; railways
Příznaky Mezinárodní význam, Recenzováno
Změnil Změnil: doc. Ing. Zdeněk Tomeš, Ph.D., učo 18415. Změněno: 16. 1. 2014 23:06.
Anotace
European reforms were applied to revitalise Central European railways. These were based on a vertical separation of the infrastructure from the operation and on allowing third-party access. Central European countries were originally behind in application of the regulations. Approaching EU accession, however, made them apply these very rigorously. As a result of liberalisation, the competition in railway freight transport is fiercer in new member countries than in the old member countries. On top of this, those new member countries with the most developed competition are experiencing the largest drop in their railways’ market shares. Some countries indicate that competition development is supported not so much by the implementation of reform strategies but rather by the weakness of the incumbent who typically has chronic problems with liquidity and indebtedness while the newly arising competitors strip them of the most lucrative parts of the market. The drop in the railways’ modal shares is further deepened by the setup of the infrastructure fees. These are very high, especially for freight transport, in order to support the passenger transport. This approach, however, deforms the market and further weakens railway freight transport competitiveness.
VytisknoutZobrazeno: 12. 12. 2019 02:43